Gastroenterology

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Case Report
Gastroenterology
Granular cell tumor of the esophagus in an adolescent
Ji Sun Lee, Kyung Ok Ko, Jae Woo Lim, Eun Jeong Cheon, Young Jin Kim, Jang Sin Son, Jung Min Yoon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(Suppl 1):S88-S91.   Published online November 30, 2016

Esophageal granular cell tumor (GCT) is a rare neoplasm originating from the Schwann cells of the submucosal neuronal plexus. Histology is the gold standard for its diagnosis. Endoscopic resection or surgical excision should be considered, depending on the potential for malignancy. Here, we report a case of an esophageal GCT in an adolescent. A 12-year-old boy presented with a 1-year...

Original Article
Gastroenterology
Risk factors of delayed diagnosis of acute appendicitis in children: for early detection of acute appendicitis
Jea Yeon Choi, Eell Ryoo, Jeong Hyun Jo, Tchah Hann, Seong Min Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(9):368-373.   Published online September 21, 2016
Purpose

This study examined the risk factors of a delayed diagnosis of acute appendicitis in children undergoing an appendectomy.

Methods

This retrospective study involved children aged below 18 years, who underwent an appendectomy. After dividing them into a delayed diagnosis group and nondelayed diagnosis group according to the time interval between the initial hospital visit and final diagnosis, the risk factors of delayed...

Clinical significance of serum alanine aminotransferase and lifestyle intervention in children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Kyoung Ah Kwon, Peter Chun, Jae Hong Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(9):362-367.   Published online September 21, 2016
Purpose

This study aimed to investigate the clinical significance of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels in children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and the effect of lifestyle intervention on NAFLD.

Methods

The clinical data of 86 children diagnosed with NAFLD were reviewed retrospectively. Forty-six patients belonged to the elevated ALT group and 40 to the normal ALT group. The clinical parameters of...

Dietary habits and gastroesophageal reflux disease in preschool children
You Jin Choi, Eun Kyo Ha, Su Jin Jeong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(7):303-307.   Published online July 31, 2016
Purpose

To identify the relationship between dietary habits and childhood gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in preschool children.

Methods

We performed a questionnaire study to analyze the relationship between dietary habits and GERD in 85 preschool children with GERD and 117 healthy children of the same age.

Results

Irregular and picky eating were more p–revalent in the GERD group than in the control group (odds ratio...

Review Article
Gastroenterology
Nutritional concerns in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease
Yong Joo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(6):247-251.   Published online June 30, 2016

The pathophysiology and fundamental etiologic mechanism of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is not well understood even though therapeutic regimens and drugs are rapidly evolutionary. IBD has complicated connections with genetic, immunologic, gut microbial, environmental, and nutritional factors. It is not clearly well known to the physicians how to feed, what nutrients are more helpful, and what food to be avoided....

Case Report
Gastroenterology
A giant choledochal cyst in infancy: a case report
Nursel Yurttutan, Suleyman Cuneyt Karakus, Naim Koku, Mustafa Demirci, Ramazan Ucak
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(5):239-241.   Published online May 31, 2016

Choledochal cyst is a dilation that encloses the intrahepatic or both extra- and intrahepatic portions of the biliary ducts. Postnatally, ultrasonography is the initial diagnostic modality of choice, allowing for precise measurements of intra- or extrahepatic duct dilatation and identification of stones and sludge. Symptoms depend on the age at presentation. Common bile duct malformations should be considered as a...

Original Article
Gastroenterology
Efficacy of proton pump inhibitors and H2 blocker in the treatment of symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease in infants
Hamid Reza Azizollahi, Mandana Rafeey
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(5):226-230.   Published online May 31, 2016
Purpose

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs in pediatric patients when reflux of gastric contents presents with troublesome symptoms. The present study compared the effects of omeprazole and ranitidine for the treatment of symptomatic GERD in infants of 2-12 months.

Methods

This study was a clinical randomized double-blind trial and parallel-group comparison of omeprazole and ranitidine performed at Children Training Hospital in Tabriz, Iran....

Diagnostic value of the Vesikari Scoring System for predicting the viral or bacterial pathogens in pediatric gastroenteritis
Dong Ho Shim, Dong Yeon Kim, Ky Young Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(3):126-131.   Published online March 31, 2016
Purpose

To evaluate the diagnostic value of the Vesikari Scoring System (VSS) as an early predictor of pathogens in children with acute gastroenteritis (AG).

Methods

In this retrospective study, the VSS score, absolute neutrophil count (ANC), and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were analyzed in 107 hospitalized children with AG, aged 6 months to 17 years. Patients were divided into nonspecific, viral, and bacterial...

Recent viral pathogen in acute gastroenteritis: a retrospective study at a tertiary hospital for 1 year
Hye Il Jin, Yoo Mi Lee, You Jin Choi, Su Jin Jeong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(3):120-125.   Published online March 31, 2016
Purpose

Viral gastroenteritis among children is mainly caused by rotavirus, norovirus, astrovirus, or adenovirus strains. However, changing socioeconomic conditions and a rotavirus vaccination program may be affecting the prevalence of these viral infections. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the season-specific trends in viral infections for facilitating prophylaxis and surveillance in our region.

Methods

We evaluated 345 pediatric patients (203 males, 142 females; age,...

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