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Cardiology
Neonatal arrhythmias: diagnosis, treatment, and clinical outcome
Ji-Eun Ban
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(11):344-352.   Published online November 27, 2017
Arrhythmias in the neonatal period are not uncommon, and may occur in neonates with a normal heart or in those with structural heart disease. Neonatal arrhythmias are classified as either benign or nonbenign. Benign arrhythmias include sinus arrhythmia, premature atrial contraction, premature ventricular contraction, and junctional rhythm; these arrhythmias have no clinical significance and do not need therapy. Supraventricular tachycardia,...
Psychiatric / Psychology
The opportunities of virtual reality in the rehabilitation of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a literature review
Azadeh Bashiri, Marjan Ghazisaeedi, Leila Shahmoradi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(11):337-343.   Published online November 27, 2017
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood. This disorder, in addition to its main symptoms, creates significant difficulties in education, social performance, and personal relationships. Given the importance of rehabilitation for these patients to combat the above issues, the use of virtual reality (VR) technology is helpful. The aim of this study...
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Fetal and preterm infant microbiomes: a new perspective of necrotizing enterocolitis
Yong-Sung Choi, In Gyu Song
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(10):307-311.   Published online October 20, 2017
Update of minimally invasive surfactant therapy
Gyu-Hong Shim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(9):273-281.   Published online September 21, 2017
To date, preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) after birth have been managed with a combination of endotracheal intubation, surfactant instillation, and mechanical ventilation. It is now recognized that noninvasive ventilation (NIV) such as nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in preterm infants is a reasonable alternative to elective intubation after birth. Recently, a meta-analysis of large controlled trials...
Cardiology
Recent advances in pediatric interventional cardiology
Seong-Ho Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(8):237-244.   Published online August 14, 2017
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Chorioamnionitis: Is a major player in the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia?
Chang Won Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(7):203-207.   Published online July 31, 2017
Pulmonology
Mechanism of resistance acquisition and treatment of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in children
Hyeon-Jong Yang, Dae Jin Song, Jung Yeon Shim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(6):167-174.   Published online June 22, 2017
Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) is one of the most common forms of community-acquired pneumonia in children and adolescents. Outbreaks of MPP occur in 3- to 7-year cycles worldwide; recent epidemics in Korea occurred in 2006–2007, 2011, and 2015–2016. Although MPP is known to be a mild, self-limiting disease with a good response to macrolides, it can also progress into a...
Oncology
Prognostic factors and treatment of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Jae Wook Lee, Bin Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(5):129-137.   Published online May 31, 2017
Allergy
IgE-mediated food allergies in children: prevalence, triggers, and management
Sooyoung Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(4):99-105.   Published online April 25, 2017
Food allergy (FA) is a serious health problem, and severe FA such as food-induced anaphylaxis can often be life threatening. The incidence of FA has been increasing especially in children. They usually develop early in life and affect up to 10% of children. The 2 most common food allergens worldwide are milk and eggs, while the third one varies depending...
Nephrology (Genitourinary)
Genetics of hereditary nephrotic syndrome: a clinical review
Tae-Sun Ha
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(3):55-63.   Published online March 27, 2017
Advances in podocytology and genetic techniques have expanded our understanding of the pathogenesis of hereditary steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). In the past 20 years, over 45 genetic mutations have been identified in patients with hereditary SRNS. Genetic mutations on structural and functional molecules in podocytes can lead to serious injury in the podocytes themselves and in adjacent structures, causing sclerotic...
Endocrinology
Management issues of congenital adrenal hyperplasia during the transition from pediatric to adult care
Jin-Ho Choi, Han-Wook Yoo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(2):31-37.   Published online February 27, 2017
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Enteral nutrition for optimal growth in preterm infants
Myo-Jing Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(12):466-470.   Published online December 31, 2016
Infection
Recommended immunization schedule for children and adolescents: Immunization Guideline (8th edition) released by the Korean Pediatric Society in 2015
Jong-Hyun Kim, Eun Hwa Choi, Su Eun Park, Yae-Jean Kim, Dae Sun Jo, Yun-Kyung Kim, Byung-Wook Eun, Jina Lee, Soo-Young Lee, Hyunju Lee, Ki Hwan Kim, Kyung-Hyo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(12):461-465.   Published online December 31, 2016
Allergy
Rhinovirus and childhood asthma: an update
Dae Jin Song
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(11):432-439.   Published online November 18, 2016

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