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Original Article
Flexible Bronchoscopic Findings and Therapeutic Effects in Atelectasis of Children
Mee Yong Shin, Jong Hee Hwang, Eun Hee Chung, Jeong Hee Moon, Ju Suk Lee, Yong Min Park, Kang Mo Ahn, Sang Il Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(9):1090-1096.   Published online September 15, 2002
Purpose : We evaluated the clinical manifestations, bronchoscopic findings and therapeutic effects of flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy in atelectasis of children. Methods : Sixty six children who received bronchoscopy due to persistent atelectasis, acute severe atelectasis and incidental atelectasis on plain chest radiography were studied retrospectively. Results : The most common causative underlying disease was pneumonia(60.4%). Other underlying conditions were pulmonary tuberculosis, chronic...
Changes in the Outcomes of Very Low Birth Weight Infants
Shung Shin Kim, Moon Hee Kim, Jae Won Shin, Sun Young Ko, Eun Kyung Lee, Yun Sil Chang, I Seok Kang, Won Soon Park, Mun Hyang Lee, Sang Il Lee, Heung Jae Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(7):828-835.   Published online July 15, 2002
Purpose : The outcomes of infants weighing less than 1,500 gm(very low birth weight infant : VLBWI) reflect recent progress in neonatal intensive care. In this study, we analyzed changes over time in survival rate and morbidity of VLBWIs during the past seven years. Methods : A retrospective review of medical records was analyzed for VLBWIs admitted to the neonatal intensive...
Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Immunization in Children with Egg Allergies
Seung Yeon Nam, Eun Hee Jung, Jin A Jung, Yong Min Park, Kyoung Hee Jeon, Ju Suk Lee, Gi Young Jang, Kang Mo Ahn, Sang Il Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(9):1031-1035.   Published online September 15, 2001
Purpose : The safety of MMR(Measles, Mumps, and Rubella) immunization to children with egg allergies has been debated for decades because the live attenuated virus used in the vaccine is grown in cultured chick-embryo fibroblasts. Many studies that investigated adverse reactions to MMR vaccine have been reported abroad, but there has been no report in Korean children. So, this study is aimed at determining...
A Clinical Study of Adenoviral Respiratory Infection in Children
Hong Keun Kim, Se Chang Ham, Seung Yeon Nam, Young Jae Koh, Kang Mo Ahn, Sang Il Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(2):195-202.   Published online February 15, 2000
Purpose : Adenoviral respiratory infection can develop a life threatening condition similar to severe bacterial pneumonia. Despite adequate intensive care, this infection progresses to acute respiratory distress syndrome and causes permanent lung damage in some patients. In this study, we analyzed clinical features and long-term follow-up clinical data of this infection in children. Methods : Forty-seven cases of inpatients were diagnosed...
Tuberculin Response in Infants after BCG Vaccination during Neonatal Stage
Jeong Hee Kim, Dae Hyun Lim, Byung Kwan Son, Sei Woo Chung,, Jeong Gyu Kim, Seung Yeon Nam, Sang Il Lee, Jin A Son
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(11):1502-1507.   Published online November 15, 1999
Purpose : Mantoux test was widely used to identify the tuberculosis. But no reliable method exists for distinguishing tuberculin reactions caused by previous BCG vaccination from those caused by mycobacterial infections. So we studied Mantoux response in infants who had received BCG vaccination in the first month of life. Methods : Mantoux testing was carried out in 143 healthy infants...
Case Report
Two Cases of Post-traumatic Bronchial Stenosis Diagnosed by Flexible Bronchoscopy
Kang Mo Ahn, Young Jae Koh, Seung Yeon Nam, Eun Hee Chung, Sang Il Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(10):1446-1451.   Published online October 15, 1999
Original Article
Clinical Manifestations of Dysphagia in Children
So Hee Chung, Nam Seon Beck, Munhyang Lee, Sang Il Lee, Heung Jae Lee, Jung Yun Choe, Hyun Suk Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(1):60-68.   Published online January 15, 1999
Purpose : In children, dysphagia is a common cause of recurrent pneumonia and malnutrition and can be fatal. However, till now no studies were performed concerning the clinical investigation of dysphagia in Korea. Methods : In this study we evaluated the clinical manifestations of dysphagia in children with an age range between 1 month and 12 years by reviewing the...
A Nationwide Clinical Study of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Children
Soo Jung Choi, Do Suck Jeong, Jae Won Oh, Ha Baik Lee, Im Ju Kang, Kwang Woo Kim, Kyu Earn Kim, Ki Bok Kim, Young Ho Rah, Kang Seo Park, Byong Kwan Son, Ki Young Lee, Sang Il Lee, Ji Tai Choung, Young Mi Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(1):23-31.   Published online January 15, 1999
Purpose : Acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) is the final course of acute lung injury. It results from various etiological origins and pathophysiologic mechanisms, and has a mortality rate of approximately 60-70%. Although the confirmative incidence of ARDS in children is yet unknown, the increasing incidence of ARDS has been reported in Korea. In the present study, we report ARDS diagnosed...
Case Report
Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma of the Bronchus in A 9-year-old Child
Jin Ah Son, Hong Hoe Koo, Sang Il Lee, Jhingook Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(6):837-840.   Published online June 15, 1998
The appearance of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the lung during in childhood is an uncommon neoplasm. Symptoms of progressive bronchial obstruction proceed the recognition of this lesion. Adequate surgical resection precludes the need for further radiation therapy or chemotherapy. The patient underwent bronchoscopy to investigate the cause of chronic coughing, which revealed a tumor. Histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of mucoepidermoid...
Original Article
Constipation in Children-Colonic Transit Time and the Barr-Score
Nam-Seon Beck, I Sok Kang, Dong Kyu Jin, Munhyang Lee, Sang Il Lee, Heung Jae Lee, Bokyung Kim, Tae Sung Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(10):1427-1434.   Published online October 15, 1997
Purpose : We have assessed the clinical usefulness of solid maker transit technique and Barr-score in 31 patients with idiopathic constipation (male:female; 17:14, mean age; 6.7 years, range 1.4-12 years). Methods : All patients underwent full history taking and physical examination including rectal examination. On first visit to gastroenterology clinic a plain abdominal film was taken for Barr-score which evaluated by two observers without the...
Ten Cases of Severe Adenoviral Pneumonia in the Spring 1995
Jeong Hee Kim, Sang Il Lee, Mun Hyang Lee, I Seok Kang, Heung Jae Lee, Bo Kyung Kim, Yeon-Lim Suh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(9):1247-1253.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : In the Spring 1995, there was an outbreak of adenoviral infection, which caused four death out of ten patients with adenoviral pneumonia in our hospital. Clinical courses of ten patients with severe pneumonia were similar each other, and two were confirmed as adenoviral pneumonia by postmortem autopsy. Although not proven, we believe eight patients had adenoviral pneumonia. Therefore, we report clinical features...
Case Report
A Case of Necrotizing Enterocolitis Associated with Cow and Soy Milk Intolerance
Sang Soo Roh, Young Il Park, Sang Il Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1992;35(6):862-866.   Published online June 15, 1992
A case of necrotizing enterocolitis was associated with cow and soy milk intolerance in a term infant. The infant developed symptoms and radiologic findings-pneumatosis intestinalis and portal vein gas-after ingestion of cow and soy milk. Vomiting and diarrhea recurred with reintroduction of either cow or soy milk several times. The infant remained asymptomatic with a good growth rate on breast...
A Case of Chronic Recurrent Obstructive Bronchitis Associated with Gastro-Esophageal Reflux
Myung Hee Min, Sang Soo Roh, Sang Il Lee, Sang Woo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1992;35(4):556-562.   Published online April 15, 1992
It has been well established that the gastroesophageal reflux and chronic respiratory problem were closely related. Several reports in pediatric literature have implicated the aspiration of gasrtric contents as a trigger factor of cough, wheezing, and recurrent pulmonary disease. Several possible mechanisms have been proposed whereby acidic gastric content can trigger bronchospasm and, in turn, bronchospams can trigger gastroesopohageal reflux. Several tests,...
Original Article
An Experience of High Dose Intravenous Immunoglobulin Therapy in Refractory Evans Syndrome.
Hee Sup Kim, Won Sup Shin, Sang Il Lee, Sang Woo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1990;33(5):701-707.   Published online May 31, 1990
Evans syndrome, a combination of autoimmune hemolytic anemia and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, relapses freguently and is refractory to conventional treatment such as corticosteroid, immunosuppressive agents, splenectomy and plasma exchange. Recently Oda et al applied high dose immunoglobulin (400/kg/day for 4 days repeated 2 weeks later) to 5 month-old infant with refractory Evans syndrome, and was successful in maintaining remission for five years and nine...
The Transfer of IgG-Subclasses From Mother to Fetus in the Korean Population.
Goo Sang Kim, Sang Il Lee, Ka Young Chang, Kwang Ho Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(12):1650-1660.   Published online December 31, 1989
Normal IgG is now divided into four subclasses; IgGl, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4. Each subclass has its unique characteristics. The different subclass compositions of antibodies are raised in humans against different immunogenic materials such as vaccinations or microoraganisms. All the IgG subclasses are reported to be transferable from mother to fetus through the placenta, but there have been some controversies in case of IgG2. For...
Specific Antibody Response in House Dust Mite Asthmatics on Immunotherapy.
Won Sup Shin, Bub Sung Kim, Sang Il Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(9):1282-1287.   Published online September 30, 1989
The immunotherapy has become a useful and effective method to treat allergic respiratory diseases. It is a logical assumption that immunotherapy produces symptom relief as a result of immunologically specific response. This study was performed to delineate the IgE, IgG and IgG4 responses to immunotherapy, and their relationships. We selected the six asthmatic children on immunotherapy with Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dp). A set of samples from each...
A Study on Blood Pressure Measurements in School Children in Seoul Area.
Young Choi, Chang Youn Lee, Chung Il Noh, Chang Yee Hong, Sang Il Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(8):1086-1092.   Published online August 31, 1989
Blood pressure measurements were done in 9,346 school children in Seoul area in May, June and September, 1987. Korin BP 103N (automated oscillometric method) was used for blood pressure measurements. The results were as follows. 1) Blood pressure increased according to both increasing age and height. 2) Mean systolic pressure (MSP) increased from 100 mmHg at 6 to 124 mmHg at 18 years of age in boys. On...
The Effect of Infantile Eczema on the Development of Allergic Diseases.
Hee Sup Kim, Chang Sung Lee, Sung Hwan Kim, Sang Il Lee, Sung Jae Suh, Pyung Nam Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(6):834-838.   Published online June 30, 1989
For the evaluation of the correlation between infantile eczema and other allergic disorders in childhood, we performed the study which included questionnaire and allergic skin test, in July through August, 1987. Eight hundred and thirty three students were selected randomly from the middle class in Seoul. All the materials were grouped into four; early primary school group (6-8 years of age; EPSG), late primary...
Case Report
A Case of Congenital-Fibrosarcoma.
Min Young Cha, Hyek Choul Kwon, Young Il Park, Sang Il Lee, Sang Woo Kim, Sung Sook Kim, Il Hyang Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1984;27(12):1239-1243.   Published online December 31, 1984
We experienced a case of congenital fibrosarcoma in 1-month-old male infant who had a mass in the left back since his birth. Diagnosis was based on ultrasonography, CT Scan and pathalogic pictures obtained by percutaneous needle biopsy. Review of literatures was also attempted briefly.
A Case of Renal Tuberculosis in a Child.
Min Young Cha, Se Yun Eun, Chong Guk Lee, Sang Il Lee, Sang Woo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1984;27(7):733-737.   Published online July 31, 1984
We reported a case of renal tuberculosis in a 10-yr-old male child. He had complaints of dysuria and urinary frequency which were not improved through anappropriate antibiotics medication for 6 months. The diagnosis was confirmed by Ziehl-Neelson staining of urinary sedimentwas, I.V.P. and cystoscopy. A brief review of literatures was presented.
A Case of Moyamoya Disease in Child.
Joong Gon Kim, Sang Il Lee, Baek Youn Choo, Kwang Chan Do, Chong Ku Yun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1981;24(8):786-790.   Published online August 15, 1981
A childhood case of moyamoya disease with subarachnoid hemorrhage is reported. This patient exhibited left hemiparesis, dysarthria, convulsion and mental retardation. He also had characteristic angiographic picture: occlusion of supraclinoid segment of both internal carotid arteries, combined with collateral networks in the base of brain.
A Case of Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis.
Son Moon Shin, Sang Il Lee, Joong Gon Kim, Hyo Seop Ahn, Hyung Ro Moon, Kwang Wook Ko, Je Geun Chi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1981;24(6):577-583.   Published online June 15, 1981
Congenital hepatic fibrosis is a relatively rare liver disease in children and young adults,that is characterized by stony hard hepatomegaly and portal hypertension with relative preservation of liver function and underlying architecture. Since this Condition was first delineated by Kerr et al in 1961, approximately over 150 cases have been reported in the literature. However, congenital hepatic fibrosis was not...
Fanconi Anemia.
Sang Il Lee, Young Yul Koh, Jung Gi Suh, Hyo Seop Ahn, Chang Yee Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1981;24(2):153-163.   Published online February 15, 1981
Five cases of Fanconi anemia were observed during these 7 *years. It acounts for about 6.7% of the total 75 aplastic anemia seen during those same period in SNUH. Three were boys and two were girls. The initial symptom was nasal bleeding or pallor which observed between the age of 2 years and 6 years. They all revealed growth retardation...
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