Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1989;32(8):1086-1092.
Published online August 31, 1989.
A Study on Blood Pressure Measurements in School Children in Seoul Area.
Young Choi1, Chang Youn Lee1, Chung Il Noh1, Chang Yee Hong1, Sang Il Lee2
1Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
서울지역 학동의 혈압측정에 관한 연구
최용1, 이창연1, 노정일1, 홍창의1, 이상일2
1서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2서울대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실
Received: 30 December 1988   • Accepted: 4 March 1989
Blood pressure measurements were done in 9,346 school children in Seoul area in May, June and September, 1987. Korin BP 103N (automated oscillometric method) was used for blood pressure measurements. The results were as follows. 1) Blood pressure increased according to both increasing age and height. 2) Mean systolic pressure (MSP) increased from 100 mmHg at 6 to 124 mmHg at 18 years of age in boys. On the other hand, MSP increased from 100 mmHg at 6 to 114 mmHg at 18 years of age in girls. 3) At 12 years of age, the increment in systolic pressure was accelerated in both boys and girls. However, MSP in boys was about 10 mmHg higher than girls at 18 years of age due to slower rate of increase in systolic pressure in girls after 15 years of of age. Significantly higher MSP in boys than girls from 15 years of age could not be explained by the differences in the height only. 4) Mean diastolic pressure (MDP) increased from 53 mmHg to 65 mmHg at 18 years of age in boys. In girls, MDP increased from 53 mmHg at 6 to 62 mmHg at 18 years of age. MDP increased slowly without accelerated increase according to increasing age and height both in boys and girls. 5) Blood pressure values of 50, 90, 95 percentiles for each age and sex were also presented. With the above results, it is desirable that the above data are helpful for early detection of hypertension in childhood in Korea. Thereby it could be possible to prevent the possible complica- tions of essential hypertension in adult.
Key Words: Blood pressure, Age, Sex, Percentile

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