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Tae-Sung Ko  (Ko TS) 16 Articles
Case Report
Neurology
A long-term subacute sclerosing panencephalitis survivor treated with intraventricular interferon-alpha for 13 years
Minsun Kwak, Hye-Ryun Yeh, Mi-Sun Yum, Hyun-Jin Kim, Su Jeong You, Tae-Sung Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(3):108-112.   Published online September 18, 2018
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a rare, progressive, and fatal central nervous system disorder resulting from persistent measles virus infection. Long-term data are scarce, with a maximum follow-up period of 10 years. Interferon-alpha (IFN-α) is a protein that exerts its antiviral activity via enhancement of cellular immune response and is reported to be an effective drug for the treatment of...
A rare case of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor combined with encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis and intractable seizures
Jee-Yeon Han, Mi-Sun Yum, Eun-Hee Kim, Seokho Hong, Tae-Sung Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(Suppl 1):S139-S144.   Published online November 30, 2016

Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome that affects ectomesodermal tissues (skin, eyes, adipose tissue, and brain). The neurologic manifestations associated with ECCL are various including seizures. However, ECCL patients very rarely develop brain tumors that originate from the neuroepithelium. This is the first described case of ECCL in combination with dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNET) that presented with intractable...

A young child of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis presenting with epilepsia partialis continua: the first pediatric case in Korea
Eun-Hee Kim, Yeo Jin Kim, Tae-Sung Ko, Mi-Sun Yum, Jun Hwa Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(Suppl 1):S133-S138.   Published online November 30, 2016

Anti-N-methyl D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis, recently recognized as a form of paraneoplastic encephalitis, is characterized by a prodromal phase of unspecific illness with fever that resembles a viral disease. The prodromal phase is followed by seizures, disturbed consciousness, psychiatric features, prominent abnormal movements, and autonomic imbalance. Here, we report a case of anti-NMDAR encephalitis with initial symptoms of epilepsia partialis...

Megalencephaly-capillary malformation-polymicrogyria syndrome: the first case report in Korea
Yeon-Chul Choi, Mi-Sun Yum, Min-Jee Kim, Yun-Jung Lee, Tae-Sung Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(Suppl 1):S152-S156.   Published online November 30, 2016

Megalencephaly-capillary malformation-polymicrogyria syndrome (MCAP), previously known as macrocephaly-cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita and macrocephaly-capillary malformation syndrome, is a rare multiple-malformation syndrome that is characterized by progressive megalencephaly, capillary malformations of the midline face and body, or distal limb anomalies such as syndactyly. Herein, we report a female infant case that satisfies the recently proposed criteria of MCAP and describe the distinctive...

Two cases of familial cerebral cavernous malformation caused by mutations in the CCM1 gene
Im-Yong Yang, Mi-Sun Yum, Eun-Hee Kim, Hae-Won Choi, Han-Wook Yoo, Tae-Sung Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(6):280-284.   Published online June 30, 2016

Cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) is a vascular malformation characterized by abnormally enlarged capillary cavities without any intervening neural tissue. We report 2 cases of familial CCMs diagnosed with the CCM1 mutation by using a genetic assay. A 5-year-old boy presented with headache, vomiting, and seizure-like movements. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed multiple CCM lesions in the cerebral hemispheres. Subsequent...

Review Article
Neurology
Cognitive impairment in childhood onset epilepsy: up-to-date information about its causes
Eun-Hee Kim, Tae-Sung Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(4):155-164.   Published online April 30, 2016

Cognitive impairment associated with childhood-onset epilepsy is an important consequence in the developing brain owing to its negative effects on neurodevelopmental and social outcomes. While the cause of cognitive impairment in epilepsy appears to be multifactorial, epilepsy-related factors such as type of epilepsy and underlying etiology, age at onset, frequency of seizures, duration of epilepsy, and its treatment are considered...

Original Article
Neurology
Intravenous levetiracetam versus phenobarbital in children with status epilepticus or acute repetitive seizures
Yun-Jeong Lee, Mi-Sun Yum, Eun-Hee Kim, Tae-Sung Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(1):35-39.   Published online January 22, 2016
Purpose

This study compared the efficacy and tolerability of intravenous (i.v.) phenobarbital (PHB) and i.v. levetiracetam (LEV) in children with status epilepticus (SE) or acute repetitive seizure (ARS).

Methods

The medical records of children (age range, 1 month to 15 years) treated with i.v. PHB or LEV for SE or ARS at our single tertiary center were retrospectively reviewed. Seizure termination was defined...

Case Report
Magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopic analysis in 5 cases of Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease: metabolic abnormalities as diagnostic tools
Eun Lee, Mi-Sun Yum, Hae-Won Choi, Han-Wook Yoo, Su Jeong You, Eun-Hye Lee, Tae-Sung Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(10):397-402.   Published online October 29, 2012

Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) is a rare, X-linked recessive disorder characterized by dysmyelination in the central nervous system. PMD results from deletion, mutation, or duplication of the proteolipid protein gene (PLP1) located at Xq22, leading to the failure of axon myelination by oligodendrocytes in the central nervous system. PMD may be suspected when there are clinical manifestations such as nystagmus, developmental...

Original Article
Long-term outcomes of infantile spasms
Seak Hee Oh, Eun-Hye Lee, Min-Hee Joung, Mi-Sun Yum, Tae-Sung Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(1):80-84.   Published online January 15, 2010
Purpose : The aims of this study were to investigate the long-term outcomes in children with infantile spasms (IS) and to identify the prognostic factors influencing their neurodevelopment. Methods : We retrospectively evaluated seventy two children over five years old who were treated for IS at Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea, between 1994 and 2007. Forty-three children were contacted by telephone...
Assessment of children with developmental delay: Korean infant and child development test (KICDT) and Korean Bayley scale of infant development-II (K-BSID-II)
Ji-Hoon Kim, Mi-Sun Yum, Soo-Jin Jeong, Tae-Sung Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(7):772-777.   Published online July 15, 2009
Purpose : We aimed to compare the effectiveness of 2 developmental tests-Korean Infant and Child Development Test (KICDT) and Korean Bayley Scale of Infant Development-II (K-BSID-II)-in the assessment of children with developmental delay. Methods : Twenty-eight children with suspected developmental delay, who visited the Department of Pediatrics in Asan Medical Center from February 2007 to June 2008 were enrolled. They were...
Outcome after Discontinuation of Antiepileptic Drugs in Well Controlled Epileptic Children - Recurrence and Related Risk Factors
Hyo-Bin Kim, Su Jeong You, Tae-Sung Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(1):66-75.   Published online January 15, 2004
Purpose : There has been no exact criteria established for when to discontinue antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in epileptic children who had been well controlled for a long period. This study was undertaken to evaluate the recurrence rate and predictive risk factors of relapse after discontinuation of AEDs in epileptic children who had been seizure-free. Methods : We retrospectively studied 294 children...
Clinical Study of Group B β-Hemolytic Streptococcal Meningitis
Seo-Young Lee, Sou-Jeong You, Deok-Soo Kim, Tae-Sung Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(12):1224-1229.   Published online December 15, 2003
Purpose : Bacterial meningitis is a serious disease, especially in the neonatal period, and it carries a significant degree of mortality and morbidity. Group B streptococcus(GBS) is a common cause of neonatal bacterial meningitis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical manifestations, treatment results and complications of GBS meningitis. Methods : We analyzed 29 cases retrospectively who had...
Case Report
A Case of Korean Patient with Nonketotic Hyperglycinemia; Diagnosed Based on CSF Amino Acid Analysis and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Kie-Young Park, Ai-Rhan Kim, Ki-Soo Kim, Soo-Young Pi, Tae-Sung Ko, Jung-Hee Lee, Han-Wook Yoo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(7):993-999.   Published online July 15, 2000
Nonketotic hyperglycinemia is an extremely rare congenital metabolic disorder, which is caused by the lack of a glycine cleavage system. The onset of hyperglycinemic symptom is during the neonatal or early infant period. Progressing grave neuromotor dysfunction is one of the main symptoms. They include myoclonic seizure, hiccup, apnea, decreased deep tendon reflex, lethargy and coma. The prognosis is mostly very poor. Furthermore, there...
Original Article
Molecular Genetic Diagnosis in Korean Patients with Myoclonic Epilepsy with Ragged Red Fiber(MERRF) Syndrome
Tae-Sung Ko, Sang-Ahm Lee, Gheeyoung Choe, Han-Wook Yoo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(7):941-952.   Published online July 15, 1998
Purpose : Myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fiber(MERRF) syndrome is a disease of the mitochondrial encephalomyopathies, characterized by progressive myoclonus(action), epilepsy, cerebellar ataxia, intention tremor, muscle weakness, progressive dementia, sensorineural hearing loss and optic atrophy. Its inheritance is maternally inherited mitochondrial mutation, and its pathologic finding is characterized by ragged red fibers(RRF). Biochemically its defects are diverse. This study was...
Clinical and MRI Findings of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis Associated with Preceding Infections Confirmed Serologically
Jung-Yeon Shim, Tae-Sung Ko, Hyung-Nam Moon, Chang-Yee Hong, Choong-Gon Choi,, Shi-Joon Yoo, Dae-Chul Suh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(4):505-513.   Published online April 15, 1998
Purpose : Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis(ADEM) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. The pathogenesis is not well known, but it is thought to be an immune-mediated disease and may follow a viral infection or vaccinations. MRI demonstrates decreased signal on T1 weighting and increased signal on T2-weighted image. We report clinical features and characteristic MRI findings in seven patients with ADEM...
Neurologic Complications Associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infection
Sung-Jong Park, Tae-Sung Ko, Hyung-Nam Moon, Chang-Yee Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(3):346-353.   Published online March 15, 1996
Purpose : Mycoplasma pneumoniae is known to be a common respiratory pathogen in children and cause neurologic complications in some patients. The clinical spectrum of the neurologic complications is wide, ranging from mild meningeal signs to severe neurologic symptoms with poor outcomes. The overall mortality in patients with neurologic complications has been approximated upto 10% and significant residual deficits could...
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