Article 55(3); Mar 2012
Review Articles
Epidemiology of astrovirus infection in children
Hye Sook Jeong, Ahyong Jeong, Doo-Sung Cheon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(3):77-82.   Published online March 16, 2012

Human astrovirus (HAstV) is a major cause of acute diarrhea among children, resulting in outbreaks of diarrhea and occasionally hospitalization. Improved surveillance and application of sensitive molecular diagnostics have further defined the impact of HAstV infections in children. These studies have shown that HAstV infections are clinically milder (diarrhea, vomiting, fever) than infections with other enteric agents. Among the 8...

Diagnosis of incomplete Kawasaki disease
Jeong Jin Yu
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(3):83-87.   Published online March 16, 2012

Several authors suggested that the clinical characteristics of incomplete presentation of Kawasaki disease are similar to those of complete presentation and that the 2 forms of presentation are not separate entities. Based on this suggestion, a diagnosis of incomplete Kawasaki disease in analogy to the findings of complete presentation is reasonable. Currently, the diagnosis of incomplete Kawasaki disease might be...

Original Articles
A study of the relationship between clinical phenotypes and plasma iduronate-2-sulfatase enzyme activities in Hunter syndrome patients
Ok Jeong Lee, Su-Jin Kim, Young Bae Sohn, Hyung-Doo Park, Soo-Youn Lee, Chi-Hwa Kim, Ah-Ra Ko, Yeon-Joo Yook, Su-Jin Lee, Sung Won Park, Se-Hwa Kim, Sung-Yoon Cho, Eun-Kyung Kwon, Sun Ju Han, Dong-Kyu Jin
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(3):88-92.   Published online March 16, 2012
Purpose

Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II or Hunter syndrome) is a rare lysosomal storage disorder caused by iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS) deficiency. MPS II causes a wide phenotypic spectrum of symptoms ranging from mild to severe. IDS activity, which is measured in leukocyte pellets or fibroblasts, was reported to be related to clinical phenotype by Sukegawa-Hayasaka et al. Measurement of residual plasma IDS...

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children with acute leukemia: similar outcomes in recipients of umbilical cord blood versus marrow or peripheral blood stem cells from related or unrelated donors
Eun Sang Yi, Soo Hyun Lee, Meong Hi Son, Ju Youn Kim, Eun Joo Cho, Su Jin Lim, Hee Won Cheuh, Keon Hee Yoo, Ki Woong Sung, Hong Hoe Koo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(3):93-99.   Published online March 16, 2012
Purpose

This study compared outcomes in children with acute leukemia who underwent transplantations with umbilical cord blood (UCB), bone marrow, or peripheral blood stem cells from a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched related donor (MRD) or an unrelated donor (URD).

Methods

This retrospective study included consecutive acute leukemia patients who underwent their first allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) at Samsung Medical Center between...

Outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in second complete remission: a single institution study
Eun-Jung Lee, Ji Yoon Han, Jae Wook Lee, Pil-Sang Jang, Nack-Gyun Chung, Dae-Chul Jeong, Bin Cho, Hack-Ki Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(3):100-106.   Published online March 16, 2012
Purpose

The survival rate for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has improved significantly. However, overall prognosis for the 20 to 25% of patients who relapse is poor, and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers the best chance for cure. In this study, we identified significant prognostic variables by analyzing the outcomes of allogeneic HSCT in ALL patients in second complete...

Case Reports
A case of partial trisomy 3p syndrome with rare clinical manifestations
Dong Hoon Han, Ji Young Chang, Woo In Lee, Chong Woo Bae
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(3):107-110.   Published online March 16, 2012

Partial trisomy 3p results from either unbalanced translocation or de novo duplication. Common clinical features consist of dysmorphic facial features, congenital heart defects, psychomotor and mental retardation, abnormal muscle tone, and hypoplastic genitalia. In this paper, we report a case of partial trisomy 3p with rare clinical manifestations. A full-term, female newborn was transferred to our clinic. She had cleft...

A case of Hashimoto's encephalopathy presenting with seizures and psychosis
Min-Joo Lee, Hae-Sang Lee, Jin-Soon Hwang, Da-Eun Jung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(3):111-113.   Published online March 16, 2012

Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a rare, poorly understood, autoimmune disease characterized by symptoms of acute or subacute encephalopathy associated with increased anti-thyroid antibody levels. Here, we report a case of a 14-year-old girl with HE and briefly review the literature. The patient presented with acute mental changes and seizures, but no evidence of infectious encephalitis. In the acute stage, the...

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