Article 53(5); May 2010
Editorial
Announcement of publication of the Korean Journal of Pediatrics in English
Yeong-Ho Rha, Joon-Sung Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(5):615-615.   Published online May 31, 2010
Review Articles
Enterovirus 71 infection: An experience in Korea, 2009
Kyung Hyo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(5):616-622.   Published online May 31, 2010

Enterovirus 71 (EV71) has been recognized as a frequent cause of epidemics of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) associated with severe neurological symptoms. In the spring of 2009, HFMD was epidemic in Korea. Severe cases with complication, including death, have been reported and it has become a public health issue. Most symptomatic EV71 infections commonly result in HFMD or herpangina. These clinical...

Reemergence of mumps
Kyong Min Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(5):623-628.   Published online May 31, 2010

The mumps virus is a single-stranded, non-segmented, negative-sense RNA virus belonging to the Paramyxoviridae family. Mumps is characterized by bilateral or unilateral swelling of the parotid gland. Aseptic meningitis is a common complication, and orchitis is also common in adolescents and adult men. Diagnosis is based on clinical findings, but because of high vaccination coverage, clinical findings alone are not...

Update on pertussis and pertussis immunization
Jung Yun Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(5):629-633.   Published online May 31, 2010

Pertussis is a highly contagious respiratory tract disease caused by Bordetella pertussis infection. The clinical manifestation of this infection can be severe enough to cause death. Although pertussis has been supposed to be a vaccine-preventable disease ever since the widespread vaccination of children against pertussis was started, since the 1990s, cases of pertussis and related fatalities are on the rise,...

Original Articles
Complete rooming-in care of newborn infants
Yoo Min Lee, Kang Hoon Song, Young Mi Kim, Jin Sun Kang, Ji Young Chang, Hyun Joo Seol, Yong Sung Choi, Chong Woo Bae
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(5):634-638.   Published online May 31, 2010
Purpose

In Kyung Hee East-West Neo Medical Center, Seoul, Korea, efforts to raise rooming-in care success rate have been undertaken since when the hospital was established in 2006. We intended to analyze our experience over the past 3 years of period and to discuss the advantages of rooming-in.

Methods

We analyzed the rooming-in practice rate, failure rate, and the breast feeding rate. Subjects...

Enterovirus 71-associated hand, foot and mouth diseases with neurologic symptoms, a university hospital experience in Korea, 2009
Hye Kyung Cho, Na Yong Lee, Hyunju Lee, Hae Soon Kim, Jeong Wan Seo, Young Mi Hong, Seung Joo Lee, Sun Wha Lee, Doo Sung Cheon, Ji Young Hong, Byung Hak Kang, Jong-Hyun Kim, Kyung-Hyo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(5):639-643.   Published online May 31, 2010
Purpose

Hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) is a common viral illness in children, which is usually mild and self-limiting. However, in recent epidemics of HFMD in Asia, enterovirus 71 (EV71) has been recognized as a causative agent with severe neurological symptoms with or without cardiopulmonary involvement. HFMD was epidemic in Korea in the spring of 2009. Severe cases with complications including death have...

Electrocardiography as an early cardiac screening test in children with mitochondrial disease
Ran Baik, Jung Hyun Chae, Young Mock Lee, Hoon Chul Kang, Joon Soo Lee, Heung Dong Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(5):644-647.   Published online May 31, 2010
Purpose

To evaluate myocardial conductivity to understand cardiac involvement in patients with mitochondrial disease.

Methods

We performed retrospective study on fifty-seven nonspecific mitochondrial encephalopathy patients with no clinical cardiac manifestations. The patients were diagnosed with mitochondrial respiratory chain complex defects through biochemical enzyme assays of muscle tissue. We performed standard 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) on all patients.

Results

ECG abnormalities were observed in 30 patients (52.6%)....

Brain abscess in Korean children: A 15-year single center study
Cha Gon Lee, Seong Hun Kang, Yae Jean Kim, Hyung Jin Shin, Hyun Shin Choi, Jee Hun Lee, Mun Hyang Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(5):648-652.   Published online May 31, 2010
Purpose

A brain abscess is a serious disease of the central nerve system. We conducted this study to summarize the clinical manifestations and outcomes of brain abscesses.

Methods

A retrospective chart review of pediatric patients diagnosed with brain abscesses from November 1994 to June 2009 was performed at Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Results

Twenty-five patients were included in this study. On average, 1.67 cases...

A case of meningoencephalitis caused by Listeria monocytogenes in a healthy child
Ji Eun Lee, Won Kyoung Cho, Chan Hee Nam, Min Ho Jung, Jin Han Kang, Byung Kyu Suh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(5):653-656.   Published online May 31, 2010

Listeria monocytogenes is a facultative anaerobic, gram-positive bacillus that is isolated from the soil, vegetables, and wild or domestic animals. Listeria occurs predominantly in the elderly, immunocompromised patients, pregnant women and newborns. Infections by this microorganism are rare in healthy infants and children. L. monocytogenes may cause meningitis, meningoencephalitis, brain abscess, pyogenic arthritis, osteomyelitis, and liver abscesses in children. The...

Case Reports
A childhood case of spinal tuberculosis misdiagnosed as muscular dystrophy
Doo Il Song, Su Ye Sohn, Yun Kyung Kim, So Hee Eun, Young Jun Rhie, Gi Young Jang, Chan Wook Woo, Byung Min Choi, Jung Hwa Lee, Bo Kyung Je
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(5):657-660.   Published online May 31, 2010

Tuberculosis is primarily a pulmonary disease, but extra-pulmonary manifestations are not uncommon, especially in children and adolescents. Ten percent of extra pulmonary tuberculosis localizes to the bones and joints, and 56% of such cases affect the spine. We treated a childhood case of spinal tuberculosis misdiagnosed as muscular dystrophy in a patient without specific constitutional symptoms. We report this case...

A case of anemia caused by combined vitamin B12 and iron deficiency manifesting as short stature and delayed puberty
Seung Min Song, Keun Wook Bae, Hoi-Soo Yoon, Ho Joon Im, Jong-Jin Seo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(5):661-665.   Published online May 31, 2010

Anemia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency resulting from inadequate dietary intake is rare in children in the modern era because of improvements in nutritional status. However, such anemia can be caused by decreased ingestion or impaired absorption and/or utilization of vitamin B12. We report the case of an 18-year-old man with short stature, prepubertal sexual maturation, exertional dyspnea, and severe...

A case of pyogenic liver abscess in a 10-year-old girl
Jung Lim Byun, Sun Hwan Bae, Sang Woo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(5):666-668.   Published online May 31, 2010

Pyogenic liver abscesses are rare in children. In pediatric patients, altered host defences seem to play an important role. However, pyogenic liver abscess also occurs in healthy children. We experienced a case of pyogenic liver abscess in a healthy immunocompetent 10-year-old-girl. The patient presented two distinct abscesses: one subphrenic and the other intrahepatic. The intrahepatic abscess resolved with percutaneous drainage...

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