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Case Report
A Case of Congenital Chylothorax in a Premature Infant
Su Kyeong Oh, Young Hye Jeong, Youn Jee Choi, Soon Ok Byun, Ji Sub Oh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(4):460-463.   Published online April 15, 2001
We experienced a case of isolated fetal pleural effusion diagnosed by antenatal ultrasonogram in the 33th week of gestational age. Chest PA at birth showed massive pleural effusion in both lungs. The serous pleural fluid changed to a milky nature after feeding so we diagnosed it as congenital chylothorax. The infant was managed by chest tube drainage, NPO & TPN...
Original Article
Relationship between Brain MRI and Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Term Infants with Severe Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy
Sun Young Park, Kyoung Sim Kim, Sung Soo Rim, Byung Soon Kang, Eun Young Kim, Yong Wook Kim, Se Jong Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(2):139-148.   Published online February 15, 2001
Purpose : We analyzed the relationship between MRI patterns and neurologic outcome and explored the effectiveness of MRI as a tool for predicting the outcome. Methods : We analyzed 23 full term infants with severe HIE retrospectively who were admitted to our NICU from Sep. 1993 to May 1998. Their MRI findings were classified into 4 patterns : type I :...
A Comparative Study of the Effects of Intravenous Indomethacin and Oral Mefenamic Acid in the Treatment of Premature Infants with Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Hae Jung Park, Yoon Suk Jung, Nam Soo Kim, Chang Ryul Kim, Hyuk Kim, Soo Jee Moon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(1):32-39.   Published online January 15, 2001
Purpose : For the management of patent ductus arteriosus(PDA) in premature infants, fluid restriction, correction of anemia, mechanical ventilation, diuretics, and surgery have been used, and the closure rate of PDA has improved significantly since the introduction of indomethacin and mefenamic acid as pharmacologic treatments of PDA. We studied to evaluate and compare the therapeutic effects of indomethacin and mefenamic...
Changes in Incidence of Infantile Transient Methemoglobinemia Associated with Infectious Diarrhea during 1989-1999 in Kyungnam Province
Young Suk Kim, Eun-A Kim, Jae-Young Lim, Myoung-Bum Choi, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Byung-Kiu Park, Hee-Shang Youn, Yang-Suk Jung, Dong-Jin Lee, Jung Hee Kim, Eun Jeong Kim, Chul Kyu Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(12):1569-1576.   Published online December 15, 2000
Purpose : Infantile transient methemoglobinemia(ITM) may develop in association with infectious diarrhea without exposure to any toxic oxidizing agents. We observed that the number of ITM associated with infectious diarrhea have increased at the Gyeongsang National University Hospital (GNUH), located in the western area of Kyungnam province during the last 4 years. To determine whether this phenomenon was similarily observed...
Effectiveness of Polaroid Photoscreening for Amblyogenic Fctors in Infants & Young Children
Su Mi Ihn, Sang Hyun Byun, Hang Jin Cho, Byung Mu Min
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(10):1380-1385.   Published online October 15, 2000
Purpose : Amblyopia is the commonest cause of defective vision in childhood. It develops during the sensitive period of visual maturation which continues until about 7-8 years of age. The authors investigated the effect of a polaroid photoscreening camera designed to detect amblyogenic factors, including asymmetric and abnormal refractive errors, strabismus, ptosis and media opacities. Methods : Fifty-four children aged...
Case Report
A Case of Sporadic Caffey`s Disease(Infantile Cortical Hyperostosis) Without Mandibular Involvement
Byoung Lae Oh, Seung Woo Paik, Wan Seob Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(9):1294-1299.   Published online September 15, 2000
Caffey`s disease(infantile cortical hyperostosis) is an uncommon benign and self limited disorder of unknown etiology, affecting the skeleton and its contiguous fasciae and muscles. Its occurrence in isolated cases or in multiple members in families suggests the existence of two different forms, namely a sporadic form and a familial form. The tibia is the predominant bone known to be affected...
Original Article
The Effect of Massage on Premature Infants
Hee Sook Son, Jae Woo Lim, Kyuchul Choeh, Chang Soo Ra, Hark Hee Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(8):1046-1051.   Published online August 15, 2000
Purpose : To determine the effects of massage therapy on growth, development, hormones, immune function, hepatic function, hematopoietic function and sleep pattern of preterm infants. Methods : Thirty-one preterm infants of less than 35 weeks gestational age, who were admitted to Eulji Medical College Hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between August 1998 and May 1999, and were in the state without mechanical ventilation or...
Case Report
Hemangioendothelioma Leading to Obstruction of the Left Main Bronchus in Infant
Bong Seong Kim, Jung Yeon Shim, Seung Il Park, Sung Hye Park, Soo-Jong Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(7):1000-1005.   Published online July 15, 2000
Hemangioendothelioma is the most common vascular tumor in children, however hemangioendothelioma occurring in the bronchus is very rare. We experienced a case of hemangioendothelioma in the left main bronchus of an infant which was successfully removed by a sleeve resection. Respiratory distress developed in a 3-month-old female infant with roentgenographic finding of hyperinflation of the left lung. Chest CT and MRI revealed a highly...
Original Article
Usefulness of Plasma Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Concentration in the Diagnosis of Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Preterm Infants
Byung Min Choi, Jae Kyun Yoon, Hyun Hee Lee, Hae Won Cheon, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(7):897-904.   Published online July 15, 2000
Purpose : Diagnosis of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus(PDA) that should be treated is difficult to determine by clinical and echocardiographic examinations. The aim of this study was to clarify the interrelationship of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide(ANP) concentrations and clinical signs or echocardiographic signs of PDA in preterm infants and use plasma ANP concentrations as a diagnostic indicator of a hemodynamically significant PDA. Methods...
Case Report
Two Cases of Successful Treatment with Atropine Sulfate in Persistent Vomiting beyond Pyloromyotomy of Infantile Hypertrophic Pyrolic Stenosis
Won Jung Kim, Min Jung Kim, Woo Jae Jo, Jae Young Kim, Sung Won Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(5):704-709.   Published online May 15, 2000
Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis(IHPS) is the most common condition requiring abdominal surgery in early infancy, and is caused by hypertrophied pyloric muscle. The development of successful surgical treatment in the early 1900s by Fredet and Ramstedt made it possible for infants worldwide to survive. Modern pediatric anesthetic techniques have virtually eliminated mortality from surgical management. Atropine sulfate is a cholinergic...
Original Article
Oscillometric Blood Pressure of Upper and Lower Extremities and Aortic Blood Flow Velocity in Neonates
Sang Young Bae, Hae Soon Kim, Se Jung Sohn, Young Mi Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(4):484-488.   Published online April 15, 2000
Purpose : We studied the blood pressure difference between the upper and lower extremities in healthy newborn infants and the effect of isthmic narrowing of the aorta on making a possible difference. Methods : The blood pressure was measured with an oscillometric blood pressure device from four extremities of 62 healthy infants aged 1-15 days. A Doppler echocardiography was performed for...
Case Report
Five Cases of Prader-Willi or Angelman Syndrome Diagnosed by FISH in Neonate and Infancy
Hee Jung Chung, Young Rae Kim, Man Yong Han, Sook Hwan Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(3):417-422.   Published online March 15, 2000
The Prader-Willi syndrome(PWS) and Angelman syndrome(AS) are clinically distinct syndromes with a shared cytogenetic deletion of chromosome 15q11q13 in most patients. Currently the diagnosis of PWS/AS is clinically suspected and can be confirmed by genetic laboratory tests. However, their diagnosis remains difficult in neonates and early infants because many features of the syndromes change with age and the typical features...
Original Article
Physiological Effects of Kangaroo Care(skin-to-skin care) in Small Preterm Infants and Their Parents
Heng-Mi Kim, Soo-Young Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(3):365-371.   Published online March 15, 2000
Purpose : Kangaroo care is the practice of holding a small premaure infant, naked except for a diaper and hat, against a parent's chest. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and feasibility of kangaroo care in a NICU as defined by physiological variables. Methods : Ten stable, spontaneously breathing preterm infants, weighing less than 2,000gm were...
The Seoul Infant Developmental Screening Test
Keun Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(3):335-343.   Published online March 15, 2000
Purpose : The importance of early detection of developmental delays during infancy and preschool years has been repeatedly stressed, as early diagnosis of retardation increases the opportunities for effective therapy. Several screening tests developed in other countries are inappropriate for Korean children. The purpose of this study was to standardize a developmental screening method for Korean children. Methods : One hundred...
Effects of Cisapride on QTc Interval and QT Dispersion in Preterm Infants
Heui Seung Jo, Chang Won Choi, Yun Kyung Lee, Hee Seok Kim, Jun Dong Park, Jun Huh, Beyong Il Kim, Chung Il Noh, Jung-Hwan Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(2):188-194.   Published online February 15, 2000
Purpose : Cisapride, a prokinetic agent, is widely used in preterm infants with feeding intolerance or gastroesophageal reflux. Although cisapride is regarded as a safe drug, increased QTc interval or ventricular arrhythmia has been reported in adults and neonates. So we prospectively examined the effects of cisapride on the QTc interval and QT dispersion in preterm infants. Methods : QTc interval...
A Study of Factors Affecting Time of First Stool in Premature Infants
Hyeong Doo Cho, Je Woo Kim, Young Ah Lee, Hae Sun Yoon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(12):1645-1650.   Published online December 15, 1999
Purpose : To assess the effect of gestational age and illness severity, and the effect of antenatal exposure to magnesium sulfate, glucocorticoids, and antibiotics, on the timing of the first stool in preterm infants. Methods : Medical records of all preterm infants admitted to the neonatal ward at Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital between March 1998 and August 1998 were reviewed. We...
Case Report
A Case of Infantile Marfan Syndrome
Sun Young Kim, Hee Ju Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(11):1583-1588.   Published online November 15, 1999
Marfan syndrome is infrequently diagnosed early in infancy. The morphologic characteristics and prognosis in infantile Marfan syndrome may be quite different from those in older patients. Characteristic cardiac findings in early life include mitral valve prolapse, valvular regurgitation, and aortic root dilation. Morbidity and mortality may be high for infants diagnosed with Marfan syndrome. Cardiac surgery for cardiovascular complication in...
A Case of Neonatal Myocardial Infarction with Structurally Normal Coronary Arteries
Ju Eun Lee, Seong Shik Park, Su Young Kim, Hee Ju Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(10):1459-1463.   Published online October 15, 1999
Original Article
A Comparative Study of Red Blood Cell Indices and Anemia by Feeding Patterns
Pill-Jin Shin, Chong-Woo Bae, Yong-Mook Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(8):1104-1110.   Published online August 15, 1999
Purpose : Iron-deficiency anemia is the most common nutritional deficiency in young infants. This study was designed to determine feeding patterns in infants, and determine a correlation between feeding patterns and incidence of anemia. Methods : This study was conducted by taking blood tests (hemoglobin, hematocrit, and red cell indices) by venipuncture with the electronic counters from 221 infants aged 9-12...
Clinical Analysis and Comparison of Kawasaki Disease between Patients Younger than One Year of Age and Those over One Year of Age
Hee-Sun Chung, Kyung-Yil Lee, Ji-Whan Han, Sang-Won Cha, Dong-Joon Lee, Kyung-Tai Whang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(7):936-942.   Published online July 15, 1999
Purpose : To identify the risk factors for coronary sequelae in Kawasaki disease, we analyzed and compared the clinical features and laboratory findings of Kawasaki disease in patients younger than one year of age with those over one year of age. Methods : A retrospective chart review was conducted of all children with Kawasaki disease who were admitted to the...
Doppler Echocardiographic Assessment of the Changes in Pulmonary Arterial Pressure in Preterm Infants with Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Sejung Sohn, Eun Ae Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(6):790-799.   Published online June 15, 1999
Purpose : The ratio of time to peak velocity(AT) and right ventricular ejection time(ET) as measured from the pulmonary artery Doppler waveform showed a close inverse correlation with pulmonary arterial pressure. The purpose of this study was to see the pattern of change in pulmonary arterial pressure assessed by AT/ET in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Methods : The...
Balloon Valvuloplasty of Pulmonary Stenosis in Patients Younger than 6 Months of Age
Yang Park, Do Jun Cho, Woo Sub Sim, In Seung Park, Eun Jung Bae, Seong Ho Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(5):631-636.   Published online May 15, 1999
Purpose : Balloon valvuloplasty(BVP) is the treatment of choice for valvular pulmonary stenosis (PS). However, this procedure was usually performed in children older than 2 years. The purpose of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of BVP in young infants. Methods : Retrospective analysis of the medical records of 25 infants younger than 6 months of age...
Rehospitalization of Low-birth-weight Infants Who Were Discharged from NICU
Kyung Dan Choi, Young Suk Chae, Oh Kyung Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(4):484-490.   Published online April 15, 1999
Purpose : We tried to compare normal term infants with low-birth-weight infants discharged from NICU by evaluating morbidity. So we studied rates of rehospitalization, reasons for rehospitalization and neonatal risk factors that affect rehospitalization of normal term infants and low-birth-weight infants discharged from NICU. Methods : This study was performed on 217 low-birth-weight infants discharged from NICU and 126 normal term...
A Clinical Study on Infantile Spasms with Vigabatrin Therapy
Seung Jung Oh, Sung Gun Park, Hyun Ho Kang, Sa Jun Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(2):233-238.   Published online February 15, 1999
Purpose : Infantile spasms are considered an age-specific and malignant epilepsy. It is not controlled easily by general anticonvulsants. Therefore, this study aimed to assess vigabatrin(VGT) efficacy in infantile spasms. Methods : From January 1992 to December 1995, 35 children with infantile spasms, who were diagnosed at Kyung Hee University Hospital and treated vigabatrin, were analyzed retrospectively. Results : The ratio of...
Reference Values of Hematologic and Biochemical Parameters of Nutrition around Weaning Period
Seung Joo Lee, Jeong Wan Seo, Jae Ock Park, Jae Hoon Shin, Hae Ran Lee, Ji Tae Chung, Hae Il Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(1):6-14.   Published online January 15, 1999
Purpose : To determine the reference values of hematologic and biochemical parameters of nutrition around the weaning period. Methods : From February 1996 to March 1997, several nutritional laboratory values were evaluated in 130 healthy babies and 120 inpatients in the recovery stage of acute illness at six general hospitals. Results : Reference values in 9-month-old healthy babies(range : 6-12 months) were...
Original Article
Comparison of Treatment Course and Outcome between Medically and Surgically Treated Patent Ductus
Jeong Geun Kim, Jeong Nyun Kim, Dong Chul Park, Shin Yeong Lee, Hyun Chul Lee, Myung Jae Chey, Churl Young Chung,
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(10):1334-1341.   Published online October 15, 1998
Purpose : Early intervention is needed to treat patent ductus arteriosus(PDA) as it is a major cause of increased mortality in preterm infants. However, it is uncertain which is better, medical versus surgical management. We reviewed medical records to compare the treatment course and outcome between medically and surgically treated preterm PDA infants. Methods : Thirth-two Mechanically ventilated pretem infants(gestational age<34...
Thyroid Hormone Concentrations in Preterm Infants
Sung Keun Moon, Jeong Nyun Kim, Mi Jung Park, Myung Jae Choi, Chrul Young Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(10):1324-1328.   Published online October 15, 1998
Purpose : To establish reference ranges for thyroid hormone concentrations in premature infants, we measured T4 and thyroid stimulating hormone(TSH) concentrations and analyzed the relation to gestational age and birth weight. Methods : Serum T4 and TSH concentrations were measured by radioimmunoassay for 391 premature infants born in Sanggye Paik Hospital for two years and eight months. Results : Gestational age of...
The Study of Transplacental Transfer of Immunoglobulin G in Premature Infants
Sung Soo Moon, Yoon Ki Kang, Soo Chul Cho, Jung Soo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(6):747-753.   Published online June 15, 1998
Purpose : Premature infants have low serum immunoglobulin G(IgG) levels because IgG is transplacentally acquired, primarily after 32-34 weeks of gestational age. We studied the transplacental transfer of serum IgG in preterm infants. Methods : The IgG levels in the sera were measured by radial immunodiffusion method(Behring nephelometer, Germany). Results : There was a significant difference between IgG concentration and gestational age; the IgG concentration increased...
Effects of Patent Ductus Arteriosus on Right Ventricle in Premature Infants : by M-mode and Doppler Echocardiography
Eun Jeung Kim, Eun Sil Lee, Young Hwan Lee, Son Moon Shin, Jeong Ok Hah
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(6):734-740.   Published online June 15, 1998
Purpose : Patent ductus arteriosus, derived left to right shunt flows, elevate the pulmonary artery pressure in infants and children and may alter right ventricular afterload thereby right ventricular function. Therefore, we examined the effects of patent ductus arteriosus on the right ventricular systolic time interval in premature infants by non-invasive Doppler echocardiography. Methods : Tweleve premature infants with patent ductus arteriosus were studied...
Atrial Ectopic Tachycardia in Infant
Myung Ja Yoon, Chung Il Noh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(5):646-653.   Published online May 15, 1998
Purpose : Atrial ectopic tachycardia(AET) in older children and adult is characterized by being chronic, incessant and intractable. However, the nature of infantile AET is not defined yet. The purpose of this study was to evaluate our experience of infantile AET. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 13 infants(mean onset age, 2.8±2.3 months) diagnosed at Seoul National University...
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