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Review Article
Oncology
Prognostic factors and treatment of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Jae Wook Lee, Bin Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(5):129-137.   Published online May 31, 2017

The event-free survival (EFS) for pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has shown remarkable improvement in the past several decades. In Korea also, a recent study showed 10-year EFS of 78.5%. Much of the improved outcome for pediatric ALL stems from the accurate identification of prognostic factors, the designation of risk group based on these factors, and treatment of appropriate duration...

Original Article
Cardiology
Subclinical left ventricular dysfunction in children after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for severe aplastic anemia: a case control study using speckle tracking echocardiography
Beom Joon Kim, Kyung Pil Moon, Ji-Hong Yoon, Eun-Jung Lee, Jae Young Lee, Seong Koo Kim, Jae Wook Lee, Nack Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, Hack Ki Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(4):190-195.   Published online April 30, 2016
Purpose

Severe aplastic anemia (SAA), a fatal disease, requires multiple transfusion, immunosuppressive therapy, and finally, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) as the definitive treatment. We hypothesized that iron overloading associated with multiple transfusions and HSCTrelated complications may adversely affect cardiac function. Left ventricular (LV) function was assessed in children after HSCT for SAA.

Methods

Forty-six consecutive patients with a median age of 9.8...

Case Report
Use of intravenous immunoglobulin in a disseminated varicella infection in an immunocompromised child
Jae Hong Kim, Dae Hyun Kwon, E Young Bae, Seung Beom Han, Jae Wook Lee, Nack Gyun Chung, Dae Chul Jeong, Bin Cho, Jin Han Kang, Hack Ki Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2014;57(8):370-373.   Published online August 25, 2014

Varicella-zoster virus infection can lead to severe illness in immunocompromised patients. Further the mortality rate of disseminated varicella infection is extremely high particularly in immunocompromised children. We report a case of disseminated varicella infection in a child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who was receiving chemotherapy, but was initially admitted with only for acute abdominal pain. The patient rapidly developed severe...

Original Article
Evaluation of risk for graft-versus-host disease in children who receive less than the full doses of mini-dose methotrexate for graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Sook Kyung Yum, Hye-Yoon Choi, Jae Wook Lee, Pil-Sang Jang, Nack-Gyun Chung, Dae-Chul Jeong, Bin Cho, Hack-Ki Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(11):490-495.   Published online November 27, 2013
Purpose

The use of cyclosporine and mini-dose methotrexate (MTX) is a common strategy for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis in allogeneic transplants. We investigated whether patients who receive fewer than the planned MTX doses are at increased risk for GVHD.

Methods

The study cohort included 103 patients who received allogeneic transplants at the Department of Pediatrics of The Catholic University of Korea College of...

Efficacy of imatinib mesylate-based front-line therapy in pediatric chronic myelogenous leukemia
Hyun Jin Oh, Mun Sung Cho, Jae Wook Lee, Pil-Sang Jang, Nack-Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, Hack-Ki Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(8):343-350.   Published online August 27, 2013
Purpose

Despite the established role of imatinib (IM) in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in adults, there are few reports on its efficacy in children. In this study, we compared the outcomes of children with CML before and after the advent of IM-based treatment.

Methods

The study cohort consisted of 52 patients treated for CML at the Department of Pediatrics, The Catholic University of...

Risk factors for short term thyroid dysfunction after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children
You Jin Jung, Yeon Jin Jeon, Won Kyoung Cho, Jae Wook Lee, Nack-Gyun Chung, Min Ho Jung, Bin Cho, Byung-Kyu Suh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(7):298-303.   Published online July 19, 2013
Purpose

The purpose of this study was to evaluate short-term thyroid dysfunction and related risk factors in pediatric patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) during childhood.

Methods

We studied 166 patients (100 boys and 66 girls) who underwent HSCT at the Catholic HSCT Center from January 2004 through December 2009. The mean age at HSCT was 10.0±4.8 years. Thyroid function of...

Utility of a multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay (HemaVision) in the evaluation of genetic abnormalities in Korean children with acute leukemia: a single institution study
Hye-Jin Kim, Hyun Jin Oh, Jae Wook Lee, Pil-Sang Jang, Nack-Gyun Chung, Myungshin Kim, Jihyang Lim, Bin Cho, Hack-Ki Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(6):247-253.   Published online June 21, 2013
Purpose

In children with acute leukemia, bone marrow genetic abnormalities (GA) have prognostic significance, and may be the basis for minimal residual disease monitoring. Since April 2007, we have used a multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction tool (HemaVision) to detect of GA.

Methods

In this study, we reviewed the results of HemaVision screening in 270 children with acute leukemia, newly diagnosed at The...

Immune reconstitution after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children: a single institution study of 59 patients
Hyun O Kim, Hyun Jin Oh, Jae Wook Lee, Pil-Sang Jang, Nack-Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, Hack-Ki Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(1):26-31.   Published online January 29, 2013
Purpose

Lymphocyte subset recovery is an important factor that determines the success of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Temporal differences in the recovery of lymphocyte subsets and the factors influencing this recovery are important variables that affect a patient's post-transplant immune reconstitution, and therefore require investigation.

Methods

The time taken to achieve lymphocyte subset recovery and the factors influencing this recovery were investigated...

Evaluation of changes in random blood glucose and body mass index during and after completion of chemotherapy in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Kyong-Won Bang, Soo Young Seo, Jae Wook Lee, Pil-Sang Jang, Min Ho Jung, Nack-Gyun Chung, Bin Cho, Dae-Chul Jeong, Byung Kyu Suh, Hack-Ki Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(4):121-127.   Published online April 30, 2012
Purpose

Improved survival of patients with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has drawn attention to the potential for late consequences of previous treatments among survivors, including metabolic syndrome. In this study, we evaluated changes in 3 parameters, namely, random blood glucose, body mass index (BMI), and Z score for BMI (Z-BMI), in children with ALL during chemotherapy and after completion of...

Outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in second complete remission: a single institution study
Eun-Jung Lee, Ji Yoon Han, Jae Wook Lee, Pil-Sang Jang, Nack-Gyun Chung, Dae-Chul Jeong, Bin Cho, Hack-Ki Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(3):100-106.   Published online March 16, 2012
Purpose

The survival rate for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has improved significantly. However, overall prognosis for the 20 to 25% of patients who relapse is poor, and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers the best chance for cure. In this study, we identified significant prognostic variables by analyzing the outcomes of allogeneic HSCT in ALL patients in second complete...

Review Article
The treatment of pediatric chronic myelogenous leukemia in the imatinib era
Jae Wook Lee, Nack Gyun Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2011;54(3):111-116.   Published online March 31, 2011

Childhood chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a rare hematologic disease, with limited literature on the methods of treatment. Previously, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) was considered the only curative treatment for this disease. Treatment with imatinib, a selective inhibitor of the BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase (TKI), has resulted in prolonged molecular response with limited drug toxicity. Imatinib is now implemented...

Original Article
Clinical outcomes of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from HLA-matched parental donor in childhood acute leukemia
Eun Young Cha, Moon Hee Lee, Jae Wook Lee, Young Joo Kwon, Dae Hyoung Lee, Young-Shil Park, Nak Gyun Chung, Dae Chul Jeong, Bin Cho, Hack Ki Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(1):67-72.   Published online January 15, 2008
Purpose : In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical outcomes of patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) grafted from HLA-matched parents. Methods : Seven children with acute leukemia (4 acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 3 acute myeloid leukemia) in first complete remission received allogeneic HSCT from their respective parents at the St. Marys Hospital between April, 1999 and October,...
The effects of shortened dexamethasone administration on remission rate and potential complications during remission induction treatment for pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Jae Wook Lee, Kwang Hee Lee, Young Joo Kwon, Dae Hyoung Lee, Nak Gyun Chung, Dae Chul Jeong, Bin Cho, Hack Ki Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(12):1217-1224.   Published online December 15, 2007
Purpose : Due to its high potency against leukemic blasts, our institution has opted for the use of dexamethasone during acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remission induction, but in our most recent treatment protocol, CMCPL-2005, we shortened the length of steroid treatment from 4 to 3 weeks. We compared both the rates of remission induction and significant complications observed during induction...
A Case of Congenital Hypoplastic Anemia.
Jae Wook Lee, Soon Ok Kang, Jee Sung Kim, Im Ju Kang, Seh Yoon Jeong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(5):724-729.   Published online May 31, 1989
We observed a case of congenital hypoplastic anemia in a 6 months old female patient who was admitted because of severe anemia & failure to thrive and diagnosed through bone marrow aspiration. This patient had reticulocytopenia & increased M:E ratio (57.5:1). His hematologic improvement was followed by administration of prednisone. A brief review of related literature was made.
The Use of Continuous Theophylline Infusion in Pediatrc Severe Bronchial Asthma.
Jae Wook Lee, Hyang Suk Hyun, Byung Hak Lim, Im Ju Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(5):678-686.   Published online May 31, 1989
When a pediatric patient is seen in severe bronchial asthma, he or she is treated with an intravenous theophylline preparation that is administered in an initial intravenous loading followed by a constant infusion. But when constant infusion is impossible, a fourth of the 24 hours calculated dosage may be preferred intravenously every 6 hours. We compared the time interval to steady state, pulmonary function at...
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