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Original Article
Outcomes of chronic dialysis in Korean children with respect to survival rates and causes of death
Hye Jin Chang, Kyoung Hee Han, Min Hyun Cho, Young Seo Park, Hee Gyung Kang, Hae Il Cheong, Il Soo Ha
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2014;57(3):135-139.   Published online March 31, 2014
Purpose

Adult Korean patients on chronic dialysis have a 9-year survival rate of 50%, with cardiovascular problems being the most significant cause of death. The 2011 annual report of the North American Pediatric Renal Trials and Collaborative Studies group reported 3-year survival rates of 93.4% and relatively poorer survival in younger patients.

Methods

In this study, we have reviewed data from Korean Pediatric...

Case Report
Shiga toxin-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome complicated by intestinal perforation in a child with typical hemolytic uremic syndrome
Hye Jin Chang, Hwa Young Kim, Jae Hong Choi, Hyun Jin Choi, Jae Sung Ko, Il Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong, Yong Choi, Hee Gyung Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2014;57(2):96-99.   Published online February 24, 2014

Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is one of the most common causes of acute renal failure in childhood and is primarily diagnosed in up to 4.5% of children who undergo chronic renal replacement therapy. Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7 is the predominant bacterial strain identified in patients with HUS; more than 100 types of Shiga toxin-producing enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) subtypes have...

Original Article
Validation study of the Dinamap ProCare 200 upper arm blood pressure monitor in children and adolescents
Chong Guk Lee, Hyang Mi Park, Hye Jung Shin, Jin Soo Moon, Yeong Mi Hong, Nam Soo Kim, Il Soo Ha, Myeong Jin Chang, Kyeong Won Oh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2011;54(11):463-469.   Published online November 30, 2011
Purpose

To validate the Dinamap ProCare 200 blood pressure (BP) monitor against a mercury sphygmomanometer in children 7 to 18 years old in accordance with the 2010 International Protocol of European Society of Hypertension (ESH-IP2) and the British Hypertension Society (BHS) protocol.

Methods

Forty-five children were recruited for the study. A validation procedure was performed following the protocol based on the ESH-IP2 and...

Case Report
A case of pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1 with a mutation in the mineralocorticoid receptor gene
Se Eun Lee, Yun Hye Jung, Kyoung Hee Han, Hyun Kyung Lee, Hee Gyung Kang, Il Soo Ha, Yong Choi, Hae Il Cheong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2011;54(2):90-93.   Published online February 28, 2011

Pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1 (PHA1) is a rare form of mineralocorticoid resistance characterized in newborns by salt wasting with dehydration, hyperkalemia and failure to thrive. This disease is heterogeneous in etiology and includes autosomal dominant PHA1 owing to mutations of the NR3C2 gene encoding the mineralocorticoid receptor, autosomal recessive PHA1 due to mutations of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) gene, and...

Renal transplantation in a patient with Bartter syndrome and glomerulosclerosis
Se Eun Lee, Kyoung Hee Han, Yun Hye Jung, Hyun Kyung Lee, Hee Gyung Kang, Kyung Chul Moon, Il Soo Ha, Yong Choi, Hae Il Cheong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2011;54(1):36-39.   Published online January 31, 2011

Bartter syndrome (BS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous inherited renal tube disorder characterized by renal salt wasting, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis and normotensive hyperreninemic hyperaldosteronism. There have been several case reports of BS complicated by focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Here, we have reported the case of a BS patient who developed FSGS and subsequent end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and provided...

A case of Bartter syndrome type I with atypical presentations
Eun Hye Lee, Ju Sun Heo, Hyun Kyung Lee, Kyung Hee Han, Hee Gyung Kang, Il Soo Ha, Yong Choi, Hae Il Cheong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(8):809-813.   Published online August 31, 2010

Bartter syndrome (BS) is an autosomal recessively inherited rare renal tubular disorder characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis and hyperreninemic hyperaldosteronism with normal to low blood pressure due to a renal loss of sodium. Genetically, BS is classified into 5 subtypes according to the underlying genetic defects, and BS is clinically categorized into antenatal BS and classical BS according to onset...

Original Article
Polymorphisms of the NR3C1 gene in Korean children with nephrotic syndrome
Hee Yeon Cho, Hyun Jin Choi, So Hee Lee, Hyun Kyung Lee, Hee Kyung Kang, Il Soo Ha, Yong Choi, Hae Il Cheong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(11):1260-1266.   Published online November 15, 2009
Purpose : Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (NS) can be clinically classified as steroid-sensitive and steroid-resistant. The detailed mechanism of glucocorticoid action in NS is currently unknown. Methods : In this study, we investigated 3 known single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (ER22/23EK, N363S, and BclI) of the glucocorticoid receptor gene (the NR3C1 gene) in 190 children with NS using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment...
Review Article
Peritoneal dialysis in children and adolescents
Il Soo Ha
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1069-1074.   Published online October 15, 2009
Peritoneal dialysis is a preferred modality of replacement therapy in children and adolescents with end-stage renal disease waiting for kidney transplantation. Recent development of pediatric swan-neck catheters with cuffs, novel dialysis solutions, and cyclers for automated peritoneal dialysis enabled more flexible prescriptions of dialysis with less complication, and improved patients' activities as well as the dialysis adequacy. Principles and practical...
Original Article
Effect of renin inhibition on an experimental glomerulonephritis - a preliminary report
Ju Hyung Kang, Jae Kyung Huh, Young Sook Lee, Ji Young Han, Il Soo Ha
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(8):938-943.   Published online August 15, 2009

Purpose:We performed this study in order to investigate the effect of direct renin inhibition on an experimental animal model with nephrotoxic serum nephritis and tried to give useful information for clinical research and renin inhibitor treatment. Methods:Thirty BALB/c 6-week-old male mice were divided into 4 groups: control group (CO, n=5), control-treatment group with aliskiren (CT, n=5), disease group (DO, n=10), and disease treatment...
Risk Factors of Urinary Tract Infections Due to Extended-spectrum β-lactamase Producing Escherichia coli in Children
Nam Hee Kim, Jin A Lee, Yun Kyung Kim, Eun Hwa Choi, Il Soo Ha, Hoan Jong Lee, Yong Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(2):164-169.   Published online February 15, 2004
Purpose : This study was performed to identify risk factors for urinary tract infection(UTI) by extended-spectrum β-lactamase(ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli in children. Methods : We analyzed 125 episodes of UTI which were developed in 112 children at the Seoul National University Children's Hospital from July to December 2002. Medical records of 74 episodes of UTI caused by E. coli were reviewed in...
Urinary Tract Infections in Febrile Infants under Three Months of Age
Byung Wook Eun, Yoo Mi Chung, Hee Gyung Kang, Il Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong, Hoan Jong Lee, Yong Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(3):265-270.   Published online March 15, 2003
Purpose : To characterize the infants under 3 months of age with urinary tract infections(UTIs), and especially patients with bacteremia or meningitis Methods : Hospital records of all the infants under 3 months of age discharged from our hospital for 69 consecutive months with the diagnosis of initial episode of UTI were reviewed. UTI was defined when patients had fever with...
Case Report
A Case of Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome in a Child
Taeg Young Lee, Yoo Mi Chung, Hee Gyung Kang, Il Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong, Yong Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(10):1292-1297.   Published online October 15, 2002
Systemic capillary leak syndrome(SCLS) is a rare disorder of unknown etiology, which is characterized by recurrent attacks of hypotension, hemoconcentration, and hypoalbuminemia. Urinary or enteric loss of protein is not demonstrated. It is often associated with monoclonal gammopathy, but does not manifest multiple myeloma. Since Clarkson et al. described the first case in a 34- year-old woman, about 50 cases have been reported in...
A Case of Hereditary Fructose Intolerance
Eun Kyeong Kang, Hye Ran Yang, Jeong Kee Seo, Sun Hoan Bai, Joo Young Jeong, Jae Sung Ko, Il Soo Ha, Jeong Han Song, Kyeong Ae Wi, Yoon Sook Shin
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(1):120-124.   Published online January 15, 2002
Hereditary fructose intolerance(HFI) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by catalytic deficiency of aldolase B in which affected homozygotes develop hypoglycemia and abdominal symptoms after taking foods containing fructose. Chronic exposure to fructose may lead to progressive hepatic injury, renal injury, growth retardation, and ultimately to liver and kidney failure. Herein, we report a case of HFI with presentation of episodic vomiting, diarrhea, cold...
Three Cases of Urine Abnormalities Associated with Ketogenic Diet
Hye Won Hahn, Ki Jung Kim, Il Soo Ha, Hae Il Jung, Yong Seung Hwang, Yong Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(6):709-713.   Published online June 15, 2001
Ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low carbohydrate, low protein diet used in treatment of pediatric epilepsy since the 1920s. Currently it is used primarily to treat refractory childhood epilepsy. Few serious complications caused by ketogenic diet have been reported. Short-term complications include dehydration, hypoglycemia, vomiting, diarrhea, and refusal to eat. Long-term complications include kidney stones, recurrent infections, metabolic derangement, hypercholesterolemia,...
Medical Lecture Course
Renal Fibrosis and Transforming Growth Factor-β1
Il Soo Ha
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(3):285-291.   Published online March 15, 2001
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