Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2009;52(8):938-943.
Published online August 15, 2009.
Effect of renin inhibition on an experimental glomerulonephritis - a preliminary report
Ju Hyung Kang1, Jae Kyung Huh1, Young Sook Lee2, Ji Young Han3, Il Soo Ha4
1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea
2Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea
3Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul Korea
4Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
레닌 억제제가 실험적 사구체 콩팥염에 미치는 효과 - 예비 보고
강주형1, 허재경1, 이영숙2, 한지영3, 하일수4
1을지대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2을지대학교 의과대학 신장내과
3서울대학교 임상의학연구소
4서울대학교 의과대학 소아청소년과
Abstract
Purpose
We performed this study in order to investigate the effect of direct renin inhibition on an experimental animal model with nephrotoxic serum nephritis and tried to give useful information for clinical research and renin inhibitor treatment.
Methods
Thirty BALB/c 6-week-old male mice were divided into 4 groups: control group (CO, n=5), control-treatment group with aliskiren (CT, n=5), disease group (DO, n=10), and disease treatment group with aliskiren (DT, n=10). Nephritis was induced by an intravenous injection of 0.25 mg/g weight of rabbit anti-GBM immunoglobulin G. Model 2002 Alzet mini-osmotic pumps (Durect Corp.) for aliskiren infusion were implanted into CT and DT. Each group strain was sacrificed serially one at a time on day 14. We estimated the protein-creatinine ratio in 12-hour-collected urine (UP/Cr) and measured the mesangial matrix score in the PAS-stained kidney of each strain.
Results
One strain at CT and DT died on day 6 and 7, respectively. Each group strain was sacrificed serially at a time on day 10 because DO were seriously ill. The UP/Cr of each group is as follows: CO, 31.24¡¾6.54 mg/mg, CT, 23.38¡¾13.60 mg/ mg, DO, 112.72¡¾10.97 mg/mg, DT 114.07¡¾32.30 mg/mg. There was no significant difference between DO and DT. The mesangial matrix score of each group was CO, 0.23¡¾0.10; CT, 0.13¡¾0.03; DO, 1.90¡¾0.48; and DT, 1.28¡¾0.41, respectively, and there was a significant difference between DO and DT in the extent of mesangial matrix expansion (P=0.008).
Conclusion
We found that renin inhibition was able to suppress the mesangial matrix expansion in experimental mice with acute nephritis, although there were no significant differences in UP/Cr.
Key Words: Renin inhibition, Urine protein-creatinine ratio, Acute glomerular basement membrane nephritis


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