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Original Article
Endocrinology
Effects of probiotics combined with dietary and lifestyle modification on clinical, biochemical, and radiological parameters in obese children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease/nonalcoholic steatohepatitis: a randomized clinical trial
Thushara Rodrigo, Samaranayake Dulani, Sumudu Nimali Seneviratne, Arjuna P. De Silva, Jerad Fernando, H. Janaka De Silva, Jayasekera , V. Pujitha Wickramasinghe
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2022;65(6):304-311.   Published online November 11, 2021
Question: Could probiotics be used as a therapeutic modality in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease/nonalcoholic steatohepatitis?
Finding: There seem no added advantages over lifestyle modifications compared to Probiotics.
Meaning: There does not seem to be an advantage of probiotics over lifestyle modifications in improving obesity-associated metabolic derangement in children.
General Pediatrics
Efficacy of probiotics for managing infantile colic due to their anti-inflammatory properties: a meta-analysis and systematic review
Reza Shirazinia, Ali Akbar Golabchifar, Mohammad Reza Fazeli
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2021;64(12):642-651.   Published online April 12, 2021
Question: Do probiotics reduce colic symptoms?
Finding: Probiotics reduced colic symptoms in colicky infants probably due to the anti-inflammatory properties.
Meaning: Probiotics may be an effective and less noxious way to manage infantile colic.
Review Article
Clinical efficacy and mechanism of probiotics in allergic diseases
Ha-Jung Kim, Hyung Young Kim, So-Yeon Lee, Ju-Hee Seo, Eun Lee, Soo-Jong Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(9):369-376.   Published online September 30, 2013

A complex interplay between genetic and environmental factors partially contributes to the development of allergic diseases by affecting development during prenatal and early life. To explain the dramatic increase in the prevalence of allergic diseases, the hygiene hypothesis proposed that early exposure to infection prevented allergic diseases. The hygiene hypothesis has changed to the microbial hypothesis, in which exposure to...

Original Article
p-Cresyl sulfate and indoxyl sulfate in pediatric patients on chronic dialysis
Hye Sun Hyun, Kyung Hoon Paik, Hee Yeon Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(4):159-164.   Published online April 22, 2013
Purpose

Indoxyl sulfate and p-cresyl sulfate are important protein-bound uremic retention solutes whose levels can be partially reduced by renal replacement therapy. These solutes originate from intestinal bacterial protein fermentation and are associated with cardiovascular outcomes and chronic kidney disease progression. The aims of this study were to investigate the levels of indoxyl sulfate and p-cresyl sulfate as well as the...

Review Article
Effects of probiotics on the prevention of atopic dermatitis
Nam Yeun Kim, Geun Eog Ji
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(6):193-201.   Published online June 21, 2012

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an immune disorder that is becoming increasingly prevalent throughout the world. The exact etiology of AD remains unknown, and a cure for AD is not currently available. The hypothesis that appropriate early microbial stimulation contributes to the establishment of a balanced immune system in terms of T helper type Th1, Th2, and regulatory T cell (Treg)...

Medical Lecture Course
Mechanisms of Action of Probiotics
Jae Sung Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(7):691-695.   Published online July 15, 2005
There is scientific evidence that administration of probiotics is effective in the treatment of acute infectious diarrhea in children and the prevention of antibiotic associated diarrhea and nosocomial/ community acquired diarrhea. Probiotics prevent relapse of recurrent pouchitis and decrease the initial onset of pouchitis in ulcerative colitis. Probiotic organisms suppress growth of pathogens as well as their epithelial attachment and/or...
Original Article
The Change in Intestinal Lactobacillus Count among Healthy Neonates
Hyun Joo Lee, Hyun Ji Lee, Su Jin Cho, Jung Wan Seo, Seung Joo Lee, Eun Ae Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(8):833-838.   Published online August 15, 2004
Purpose : Enhancing overall health by preventive and therapeutic use of probiotics has shown great promise on inflammatory, infectious, neoplastic disorders, allergies, et al. To attain preliminary data for the use of probiotics, we have studied the change in intestinal flora, Lactobacillus count among healthy, full term neonates. Methods : Fresh stool samples were collected on the 2nd or 5th day...
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