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Original Article
Tibial Torsion in Children of the Jeju Area
Dong Ho Song, Baik-Lin Eun, Sang Hee Park, Joon Young Lee, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(1):75-80.   Published online January 15, 2005
Purpose : Internal tibial torsion is prevalent in East Asian countries such as Korea and Japan, where sitting on the floor is common behavior. Internal tibial torsion or excessive lateral tibial torsion may cause esthetical, functional, or psychological problems and also may induce degenerative arthritis in older age. The purpose of this study is to measure the tibial torsion in...
Serum Lipids of School Children and Adolescence in Urban and Rural Area
Dong Han Shin, Hee Sun Lee, Kee Hyoung Lee, Baik-Lin Eun, Chae Seung Lim, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(12):1273-1280.   Published online December 15, 2004
Purposes : A cross-sectional study on serum lipids in school children and adolescents was carried out in two different areas in 2002. We studied to determine of the difference in lipids level of children between urban and rural areas and changes of cholesterol levels compared to those of early- 1990 studies. Methods : A cross-sectional study on serum lipids in school...
Overnight Growth Hormone Secretions and Sleep Patterns in Idiopathic Short Stature Children
Sang Young Seo, Kee Hyoung Lee, Baik Lin Eun, Chang Sung Sohn, Young Chang Tockgo, Chol Shin, Baek-Hyun Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(4):363-369.   Published online April 15, 2003
Purpose : Pharmacologic provocation test of growth hormone(GH) is a non-physiologic method and has several limitations for diagnosing growth hormone(GH) deficiency. Spontaneous GH release studies could be important in understanding the pathophysiology of children with poor growth but normal responses to GH provocation tests. Also, the relationship between nocturnal GH secretions and sleep patterns in short stature children is poorly...
Postnatal Changes in Left Ventricular Performance in Early Neonatal Life
Sung Wook Yang, Chan Wook Woo, Jee Youn Lim, Jung Hwa Lee, Joo Won Lee, Chang Sung Son, Young Chang Tockgo, Young Yoo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(9):1168-1173.   Published online September 15, 2000
Purpose : This study was undertaken to investigate changes in cardiac performance in early neonatal life by observing the changes of left ventricular(LV) function and volume according to the size of ductus arteriosus. Methods : The study group consisted of 21 full-term Cesarean section neonates who were admitted to the nursery of Korea University Hospital. We serially investigated the...
Case Report
Two Cases of Kabuki Make-up Syndrome Including One Case Associated with Xq Isochromosome
Ki Hea Cho, Jung Hwa Lee, Kee Hyoung Lee, Kwang Chul Lee, Ji Tae Choung, Chang Sung Son, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(8):1111-1115.   Published online August 15, 2000
Kabuki make-up syndrome(KMS) is characterized by mental and developmental retardation and peculiar facial features including long palpebral fissures with eversion of the lateral portion of lower eyelid and arching of eyebrows, resembling the actors in Japanese Kabuki. In addition, dermatoglyphic and skeletal abnormalities are commonly associated. Although most karyotypes of KMS are shown to be normal, there have been some...
Original Article
Dysmenorrhea and Premenstrual Syndrome of School Girls in Ansan
Yong Kyu Sohn, Yo Ahn Rho, Young Kyoo Shin, Baik Lin Eun, Sang Hee Park, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(10):1434-1440.   Published online October 15, 1999
Purpose : Menstrual disorders are very common problems in adolescence. Most of them are minor, including mild dysmenorrhea, premenstrual syndrome(PMS) and minor variations in cycle, length, or amount of flow. Dysmenorrhea is the most prevalent among them while PMS is a nebulous condition characterized by a broad spectrum of symptoms. The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation...
Developmental mRNA Expression of Cellular Retinoic Acid Binding Protein I and Ⅱ in Rat
Young Yoo, Hyung Suk Kim, Chang Sung Son, Young Chang Tockgo, Young Hyuk Jeon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(2):154-162.   Published online February 15, 1998
Purpose : Retinoic acid(RA) is well known as a potent teratogenic agent in both deficiency and excess. Cellular retinoic acid binding proteins(CRABPs) are involved in RA. We carried this study in order to determine the possible relations of CRABPs with RA-induced teratogenesis through observation of the expression patterns of CRABP Ⅰand Ⅱ in developing rats. Methods : 35S-labeled RNA probes were...
Mumps and Rubella-Specific IgG Levels of Term Pregnant W omen and Their Neonates
Young Kyoo Shin, Hae Won Cheon, Kee Hyoung Lee, Ji Tae Choung, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(1):47-52.   Published online January 15, 1998
Purpose : This study was performed to evaluate seropositivities in term pregnant women and their neonates, and the transplacental transfer rate of maternal mumps and rubella- specific IgG from term pregnant women to their neonates. Methods : During Jun. 1, 1994 to Mar. 31. 1995, we collected 44 pairs of sera from pregnant women and their neonates in Anam Hospital of Korea University Medical...
A Study of the School-based Adolescent Violence
Young Kwan Park, Dae Hun Pee, Young Kyoo Shin, Sang Hee Park, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(10):1376-1385.   Published online October 15, 1997
Purpose : School-based violence among adolescents is a serious public health problem. Recently, it seems to spread and intensify. We were trying to investigate the information about adolescent' s experience, witness and perception in violence, thus to offer the data for appropriate violence prevention methods on our circumstance. Methods : During July, 1996, 3,794 middle or high school students in the metropolitan area of Korea...
Case Report
A Case of Familial Hypercholesterolemia with Diabetes Mellitus
Yong Kyu Sohn, Kee Young Chang, Kee Hyoung Lee, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(6):862-866.   Published online June 15, 1997
Familial Hypercholesterolemia is the most common hyperlipoproteinemia during the childhood, which occurs from the mutation of genes that regulates low-density lipoproteins(LDL), and is classified into two types, the homozygote presented abnormal genes from both parents and the heterozygote presented an abnormal gene from each parent. Type IIa familial hypercholesterolemia is characterized by, especially, increased level of LDL which is common type and normal level...
Original Article
A Study on Menarchel Age and Monthly Incidence of School Girls in Ansan
Hyung Seok Kim, Jae Yong Kim, Young Kyu Shin, Sang Hee Park, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(4):458-463.   Published online April 15, 1997
Purpose : Menarche is an important life event, making the transition from childhood to early womanhood. It is a significant physical and physiological event that adolescent girls feel sexual identity and it affects on psychological development. The onset of menstruation is considered a practical indication of sexual maturity in girls. On a population level, mean menarcheal age is considered to...
The State of Smoking and Alcohol Usein Korean Adolescent
Gi Chan Lee, Young Joon Kim, Young Kyoo Shin, Baik-Lin Eun, Sang Hee Park, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(3):307-317.   Published online March 15, 1997
Purpose : Recently, smoking and alcohol use in adolesecnt have increased and it has been a social issue in Korea.This study was performed to understand the state of smoking and alcohol use in Korean adolescents, and to make abasic data for education of them. Methods : This study was carried in 1994.3,360 students in 13 schools aged from 13 to 18 were enrolled in this...
Measles Specific IgG Antibody Level of Term Pregnant Women and Neonatal Umbilical Cords
Hee Yeon Park, Young Kyoo Shin, Ji Tae Choung, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(9):1224-1230.   Published online September 15, 1996
Purpose : Despite appropriate preventive measures, measles outbreaks occurred in the year of 1989-1990 and 1994 in Korea. Especially, the ratio of young infantile patients below 15 months old was high in those outbreaks, and the reason was, we thought, low serum level of measles specific IgG antibody in pregnant women and low transplacental transfer rate of measles specific IgG antibody to neonate. This...
Changes of Measles Specific IgG after Active Immunization of Measles in Korean Children
Young Kyoo Shin, Jae Kyun Yoon, Ji Tai Choung, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(6):788-796.   Published online June 15, 1996
Purpose : Despite preventive measures, measles outbreaks ocurred in 1989, 1990 and 1994 in Korea. Especially, the proportion of immunized school aged children and adolescents was increased, and the reason was, in our opinion, primary and secondary vaccine failure after measles immunization. In this context, we attempted to evaluate the changes of measles specific IgG levels in various age groups of...
Comparison of Measles Specific IgG in the Sera of Infants and Children after Vaccination of Measles
Young Kyoo Shin, Hyung Suk Kim, Ji Tai Choung, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(5):625-630.   Published online May 15, 1996
Purpose : After recent epidemics of measles in Korea, Korean Pediatric Society recommended 2 dose measles vaccination schedule instead of 1 dose since 1991. However, the studies that supported the modification of vaccination schedule were insufficient yet. This study was performed to evaluate the vaccination efficacy of 1 dose and 2 dose vaccination. Methods : One dose vaccination group consisted of 19 infants(mean:...
Plasma Fibronectin Concentration in the Neonate
Young Yoo, Kwang Chul Lee, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(3):319-325.   Published online March 15, 1996
Purpose : Plasma fibronectin is thought to have important role in the inflammatory response and host defense. We performed this study to evaluate concentration in the full-term, healthy preterm, asphyxia and respiratory distress syndrome and how that correlated with gestational age and birth weight. Methods : We evaluate 51 neonates who were delivered at Korea University Hospital from Jan. 1992 to...
Case Report
A Case of Chronic Pancreatitis with Pancreatic Stones in Childhood
Young Kyoo Shin, Chan Wook Woo, Kee Hyoung Lee, Young Chang Tockgo, Chang Duck Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1995;38(7):1012-1017.   Published online July 15, 1995
Chronic pancreatitis is a rare problem in childhood and sometimes shows pancreatic calcif-ication. The most common symptom is chronic recurrent upper abdominal pain, with waves of crampy pain that increase in severity, with or without associated nausea or vomiting. Although the diagnosis is made or considered infrequently hereditary or other metabolic factors, the cau-se remains largely idiopathic. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP)...
Original Article
The Effect of ACTH on Mouse Heart
Sang Young Seo, Joo Won Lee, Chang Sung Son, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1995;38(6):804-810.   Published online June 15, 1995
Purpose : Adrenocorticotropic Hormone(ACTH) therapy is useful in the treatment of patients with infantile spasm. However, serious side effects including Cushing syndrome, infections, hypertension, and electrolyte imbalance must be encountered. Moreover, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in association with ACTH therapy has recently reported. We performed thiw study to evaluate the effect of ACTH on heart muscle. Methods : We administered ACTH subcutaneously to...
A Study on Evolution of Lipoportein(a) in Newborns
Keun Haeng Cho, Young Sook Hong, Soo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim, Young Chang Tockgo, Han Kyeom Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(8):1078-1091.   Published online August 15, 1994
Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is considered an additional, independent and largely genetically determined risk factor for the development of premature coronary heart disease. Furthermore abnormal plasma lipoprotein patterns have been associated with increased risk for developing coronary heart disease. Among these lipoproteins, an increased concentration of serum Apo B and decreased level of Apo A are considered as major risk factors, together...
Study on Iron Deficient State in the Female Adolescent Athletes
Pil Seob Shim, Ja Hyun Park, Dong Gun Park, Kwang Chul Lee, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(7):953-960.   Published online July 15, 1994
Iron deficient state occurs commonly in the athlets, and the cause may be cause may be inadequate iron intake, loss of iron from sweat, blood loss of gastrointestinal tract, and hematuria. The age of the athletes ranged from 11 to 17 years old. I messured red blood cell count, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and related hematologic factors in the 32 adolescent female...
The Effect of Long-term Phenobarbital Administration on the Bone Mineral Density of Children
Yoon Suck Suh, Young Guk Kim, Jung Hwa Lee, Kee Hwan Yoo, Joo Won Lee, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(3):368-375.   Published online March 15, 1994
The long term administration of anti-convulsants on children with convulsive disorders may cause osteomalacia, depending on the dosage, duration, type and combination of anti-convulsants administred. Fifteen children, comprising 10 male and 5 female, dignosed with convulsive disorders and administered with phenobarbital for a long term period of more than 9 months but less than 84 months and 15 healthy children...
Case Report
A Case of Solid and Papilary Tumor of Pancreas
Kyoung Bum Kim, Hae Won Cheon, Ji Hee Park, Kee Hyoung Lee, Kwang Chul Lee, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(12):1765-1769.   Published online December 15, 1993
We report a cases of solid and papillary neoplasm of the pancreas, which is a rare pancreatic tumor. We described clinical characteristics, sonographic, computed tomographic and pathologic finding. The tumors had a smooth, enhanced capsule and variable internal architecture. The tumor was distributed tail of pancreas without local invasion. The origin of the tumor is probably from a multipotential stem...
Original Article
Plasma Immunoreactive Endothlin-1, Creatine Kinase and CK Isoenzyme and Its Relation to Neonate with-Asphyxia
Kang Woo Lee, Kee Hyoung Lee, Chang Sung Son, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(10):1434-1440.   Published online October 15, 1993
Endotheline-1(ET-1) is a potent vasoconstrictor peptide with 21 amino acid residues. ET-1 is thought to have a key role in vasoconstriction, and cardiac, renal, and endocrine actions of the peptide. Creatine Kinase(CK), also referred to as ATP-creatine-N-phosphotransferase, consists of either the B or M type. CK is found almost exclusively in muscle (MM), myocardium (MB), and brain (BB). It is...
A Clinical Survey of Prolonged Q-T Syndrome among Korean Children with Congenital Deafness
Kang Woo Lee, Kyung Bum Kim, Chang Sung Son, Joo Won Lee, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(9):1236-1244.   Published online September 15, 1993
The clinical symptom complex characterized by syncopal attacks and sudden death in patients with electrocardiographic anomalies, especially a prolonged Q-t interval is known as the Romano-Ward syndrome. When a similar syptom complex is accompanied by congenital deafness, it is called Jervell and Lange-Nieisen syndrome. This study was underataken to investigate the incidence of the latter syndrome in the...
Case Report
A Case of Fetal Atrial Flutter with Hydrops Fetalis
Seong Hang Choi, Kee Hyoung Lee, Chang Sung Sohn, Ju Won Lee, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(8):1165-1170.   Published online August 15, 1993
Fetal hydrops is often serious and associated with a high perinatal motality rate. Cardiac causes of fetal hydrops include congenital heart diseases and rhythm disturbances. An irregular fetal heart rate may indicate atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter with variable AV conduction. Fetal atrial flutter is characterized by the pressence of flutter waves which are regular sawtooth undulations in the baseline that...
Two Case of Dyke-Davidoff-Masson Syndrome
Dong Gun Park, Ji Hee Park, Kee Hwan Yoo, Ji Tae Choung, Chang Sung Son, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(6):865-869.   Published online June 15, 1993
Dyke-Davidoff Masson syndrome is a rare disorder which developed hemiatrophy of brain, enlargement of ventricles and prominet pneumatrization of pertous pyramid of the temporal bone. It manifests hemiparesis, varying type seizure, and mental retardation. We experienced two cases of Dyke-Davidoff-Masson Syndrome, in a 6/12 year-old boy and a 1,10/12 year-old girl who were admitted to our department of pediatrics, because of...
Original Article
Clinical Assessment of Neonatal Transient Tricuspid Insuffieciency - Doppler Echocardiographic Study-
Se Geun Park, Dong Gun Park, Ji Hee Park, Chang Sung Son, Joo Won Lee, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(6):785-790.   Published online June 15, 1993
Eight neonates with transient tricuspid insufficiency are presented which was confirmed clinical and two dimensional echocardiographic assessment. We found that two dimensional Doppler echocardiography was very useful in the detection of transient tricuspid insufficiency during neonatal age as noninvasive method. Transient tricuspid insufficiency is a clinical disorder in the newborn period caused by myocardial dysfunction, secondary to asphyxia with or without...
Obesity in Elementary School Children
Ji Hee Park, Chang Sung Son, Joo Won Lee, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(3):338-346.   Published online March 15, 1993
Obesity has been implicated as a significant risk factor for multiple medical condition including hypertention, glucose intolerance, hyperlipidemia, hyperisulinemia and fatty liver. Furthermore, obesity in childhood is believed to be a reliable predictor of a similar condition in adulthood. During the recent yars, there has been a rapid rise in the incidence of childhood obesity in Korea due to increased...
The Study of Serum Lipids in Grossly Obese Elementary School Students in Seoul
Seong Hang Choi, Kyoung Bum Kim, Se Geun Park, Ji Tae Chung, Chang Sung Son, Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(1):73-80.   Published online January 15, 1993
Our study surveyed 418 obese first grade elementary school children (279 male and 139 female), in seoul, and measured levels of serum total cholesterol, HDL Cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglyceride were measured in addition to the measurement of body weight and height. The following results were obtained. 1) Obesity index was catergorized into mild, moderate, and severe, and the percentage of mild was...
Past and Current Issues of Medical Insurance in Pediatrics
Young Chang Tockgo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1992;35(12):1767-1769.   Published online December 15, 1992
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