Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1999;42(10):1434-1440.
Published online October 15, 1999.
Dysmenorrhea and Premenstrual Syndrome of School Girls in Ansan
Yong Kyu Sohn, Yo Ahn Rho, Young Kyoo Shin, Baik Lin Eun, Sang Hee Park, Young Chang Tockgo
Department of Pediatrics, Korea University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
안산지역 여학생의 월경곤란과 월경전증후군에 관한 연구
손용규, 노요안, 신영규, 은백린, 박상희, 독고영창
고려대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Abstract
Purpose
: Menstrual disorders are very common problems in adolescence. Most of them are minor, including mild dysmenorrhea, premenstrual syndrome(PMS) and minor variations in cycle, length, or amount of flow. Dysmenorrhea is the most prevalent among them while PMS is a nebulous condition characterized by a broad spectrum of symptoms. The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation between dysmenorrhea and PMS in adolescents.
Methods
: This cross sectional study on dysmenorrhea and PMS was performed in 1153 junior high school girls in Ansan. We researched the clinical aspects of PMS and investigated the correlation between menstrual characteristics and PMS in adolescents.
Results
: The results are as follows : The incidence of PMS is 66.3%. The correlation of menstrual characteristics and severity of PMS was as follows : intensity of menstrual flow(P<0.01), duration of menstrual flow(P<0.05). The correlation of severity between dysmenorrhea and PMS is found(P<0.01).
Conclusion
: Korean adolescents have many problems related to dysmenorrhea and PMS. This study indicates that Korean adolescents need to be educated on the matter and treatment of their menstrual disorders are also needed.
Key Words: Dysmenorrhea, Premenstrual syndrome


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