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Change in Nutritional Status of Elementary School Children

Published online March 15, 1999.
Change in Nutritional Status of Elementary School Children
Sung Kyun Park, Yong Joo Kim, Jeh Hoon Shin, Hahng Lee
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea
서울 지역 초등학교 학생들의 신체계측치를 이용한 Nutritional Status의 변화에 관한 연구
박성균, 김용주, 신재훈, 이항
한양대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
: The purpose of this study is to compare the present nutritional status with that of previous surveys done in Korea and other advance countries.
: We measured the arm circumference and triceps skinfold thickness of 1,009 students of Hanyang Elementary School. We analyzed the arm muscle area and arm fat area. We analyzed the lomgitudinal height and weight of 6th grade children. We used an obesity index to estimate the prevalence of obesity.
: The mean height increased to 4.2-6.6cm in boys, 3.7-6.3cm in girls and the mean weight increased to 3.7-9.7kg in boys, 3.2-8.2kg in girls. The median of arm circumference increased to 7-44mm in boys, 8-36mm in girls. The median of triceps skinfold thickness increased to 1.7-7.8mm in boys, 2.3-6.4mm in girls. The mean of arm muscle area increased to 1.0-7.4cm2 in boys, 0.2-5.4cm2 in girls. The mean of arm fat area increased to 2.4-9.6cm2 in boys, 3.0-8.9cm2 in girls. The prevalence of obesity was 27% in boys and 24% in girls.
: Current data revealed marked increase in arm circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, arm muscle area and arm fat area than those of previous standard data established in Korea, 1984, approaching 1981 U.S standards. The increase in arm fat area and increased prevalence of obesity suggest an increased intake of calorie with relative deficiency in physical activity.
Key Words: 여아에서 3.2- 8.2kg의 증가를 보였다. 3) 상완둘레의 50th percentile의 값은 남아에서 7-44mm

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