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Volume 44(5); May 2001
Clinical Lecture
Infection in Children Attending Day Care Centers
Kyung Hyo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(5):487-492.   Published online May 15, 2001
Original Articles
Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Obese Children
Su Jin Cho, Se Jin Park, Il Tae Hwang, Young Mi Hong
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(5):493-500.   Published online May 15, 2001
Purpose : Obesity is known to be associated with complications such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance. The importance of insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia have been emphasized in obesity. Homocysteine is an emerging important risk factor for cardiovascular disease in adult, but there are less reports about homocysteine in children. Several risk factors such as blood pressure, lipid profiles, serum...
Whole Blood and Plasma Vitamin C Concentrations in Children of 1-6 Years of Age in the Chinju Area
Hyang-Ok Woo, Jin-Su Jun, Ji-Hoe Park, Young-Suk Kim, Eun-A Kim, Jae-Young Lim, Myoung-Bum Choi, Chan-Hoo Park, Hee-Shang Youn, Gyung-Hyuck Ko, Chan-Hoo Park, Woo-Kon Lee, Myung-Je Cho, Kwang-Ho Rhee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(5):501-508.   Published online May 15, 2001
Purpose : Vitamin C among antioxidants in human is a physiological antioxidant for protection against diseases. We measured the vitamin C concentrations of whole blood and plasma among children in early childhood at normal condition in order to know the presence of vitamin C deficiency. Methods : The venous blood was collected from 471 subjects at 1-6 years of ages in...
Carriage and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Haemophilus influenzae Isolated from Oropharynges of Children
Kyung Hyo Kim, Kyoung Ah Lim, Il Tae Whang, Young Mi Hong, Eun Sook Kang, Ki Sook Hong
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(5):509-516.   Published online May 15, 2001
Purpose : Haemophilus influenzae, one of the normal flora of the upper respiratory tract, can cause such infections as otitis, sinusitis, pneumonia, and meningitis in children. The oropharyngeal flora has therefore mainly been analyzed as a reservoir for pathogens. This study was performed to reveal the colonization rate of H. influenzae in the upper respiratory tract, their biotypes, their antimicrobial...
A Clinical Study of Shigellosis Epidemics over 10 Years in the Kyung Nam Area
Ji-Young Hwang, Ji-Hyoun Seo, Su-Jin Lee, Myoung-Bum Choi, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn, Jung-Hee Kim, Eun-Jung Kim, Chul Kyu Kim, Yang-Suk Jung, Dong-Jin Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(5):517-522.   Published online May 15, 2001
Purpose : The occurrence of shigellosis patients has increased radically in 2 recent years. For this, the authors investigated the epidemic aspect of shigellosis by regional groups to know whether the epidemic aspect of shigellosis is a general situation which occurs identically in various areas of Kyung Nam. Methods : We reviewed pediatric patients who were hospitalized in Ulsan(eastern), in Masan(central),...
Studies on Functional Differentiation of Small Intestinal Epithelial Cells
Ho Keun Yi, Su Mi Oh, Dae Yeol Lee, Jung Soo Kim, Pyoung Han Hwang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(5):523-532.   Published online May 15, 2001
Purpose : We investigated compounds from food sources given to children that may induce the differentiation of small intestinal epithelial cells in order to signal pathways that induce the proliferation and differentiation of small intestinal epithelial cells. Methods : We analyzed small intestinal epithelial cell differentiation using in vitro IEC-6 cells model. The growth curve of IEC-6 cells was obtained...
Neuro-developmental Assessment of Patients with Transposition of the Great Arteries by Localized 1H-Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Ki-Soo Kim, Jee-Yeon Min, So Young Yoon, Young Hwue Kim, Jae Kon Ko, In Sook Park, Ki-Soo Kim, Dong Man Seo, Sang-Tae Kim, Jung Hee Lee, In Kyung Sung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(5):533-544.   Published online May 15, 2001
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hemodynamic effect of transposition of the great arteries(TGA) on neuro-development by measuring the cerebral metabolites before and 1 year after open heart surgery(OHS) by localized in vivo 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy(1H- MRS) along with Bayley scales of infants development II(BSID II). Methods : Full-term newborns(N=13) with TGA and intact ventricular septum...
The Effect of the Maternal Hypertension on the Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Status in the Newborn Rat Lung
You Jin Jung, So-Young Kim, In Kyung Sung, Chung Sik Chun
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(5):545-551.   Published online May 15, 2001
Purpose : The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the maternal hypertension on the lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status of the newborn rat lung. Methods : We used adult female SHR(essential hypertension, 1b, A, 6-8 weeks), Sprague-Dawley white rats as a model of hypertensive dams. Breeding was accomplished by allowing female and male rats to cohabit overnight....
Surgically Treated Intractable Child Epilepsy with Focal Cortical Dysplasia : Clinical and Electroencephalographic Findings
So Hee Chung, Ho Young Lee, Mun Hyang Lee, Hye Kyung Yoon, Bo Kyung Kim, Seung Chyul Hong
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(5):552-561.   Published online May 15, 2001
Purpose : Widespread use of MRI now gives us increased insights into the different expressions of cortical malformations. We carried out this study to characterize the clinical and EEG features of focal cortical dysplasia(FCD) which also caused intractable epilepsy requiring surgical treatment. Methods : A retrospective analysis was conducted in 8 children. The history of seizures, imaging studies, electroencephalographic findings,...
The Usefulness of Emergency Brain Computerized Tomography in Children with First Seizures
Hyun Kyung Park, In Joon Seol
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(5):562-568.   Published online May 15, 2001
Purpose : This study was performed to discover whether emergency brain computerized tomography(CT) is useful for the diagnosis and management of patients with first seizure. Methods : We studied retrostpectively all children(under 15-year-old) without a history of neurologic illness who visited Hanyang University Hospital and took a brain CT because of a first seizure attack between January 1996 and June 1999....
Identification of Novel Mutations and Three Most Common Mutations in the Human ATP7B Gene of Korean Patients with Wilson Disease
Han-Wook Yoo, Gu-Hwan Kim, Ji-Won Chung, Chang-Yeon Lee, Kyung-Mo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(5):569-576.   Published online May 15, 2001
Purpose : Wilson disease is an autosomal recessive disorder of copper transport, which is probably the most common inherited metabolic disorder in Korea. It is characterized by defective biliary excretion of copper and impairment in the corporation of copper into ceruloplasmin. In Wilson disease, synthesis of a defective copper transporting enzyme leads to the accumulation of copper in the liver, brain and kidney. The...
Factors Related to the Development of Microalbuminuria in Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Min Ho Jung, Pei Tai Wan, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(5):577-586.   Published online May 15, 2001
Purpose : We observed the prevalence rate of microalbuminuria(MA) and its relationship with the various clinical factors in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus(DM). Methods : Seventy two children and adolescents(26 males and 46 females, 17.1±3.0 years) were included. MA was defined as 24 hour urine microalbumin >30mg/day(20μg/min). Subjects were classified into three groups(normoalbuminuria, transient MA, or persistent MA)....
Case Reports
A Case of Protein-losing Enteropathy in Congestive Heart Failure : Resolution with Prednisolone
Jong-Woon Choi
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(5):587-591.   Published online May 15, 2001
Protein-losing enteropathy can result from primary or secondary intestinal lymphangiectasia. Secondary intestinal lymphangiectasia develops as a result of lymphatic obstruction or elevated lymphatic pressure. Cardiac lesions such as constrictive pericarditis, post-Fontan procedure state, and chronic congestive heart failure increase lymphatic pressure and may cause intestinal lymphangiectasia and protein-losing enteropathy. An 11-year-old girl who underwent corrective surgery for Tetralogy of Fallot...
An Infant with Vertical Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Detected Due to Failure to Thrive
Byung Wook Eun, Ho Kyung Lim, Yun Kyung Kim, Yuong Ho Kwak, Jung Youn Hong, He Sun Jung, Kyung Mo Kim, Hoan Jong Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(5):592-596.   Published online May 15, 2001
Five to fifteen percent of patients affected by human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) are children in developing countries. In Korea, most of HIV infections in children have been transfusion-related, and cases of vertical transmission have been very rare so far and are usually suspected due to a maternal positive history. We experienced a case of vertical transmission of HIV in a 19...
A Case of Klippel-Feil Syndrome
Hyun Ja Kim, Kang Ho Baek, Hyang Do Ko, Man Tak Oh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(5):597-601.   Published online May 15, 2001
Klippel-Feil syndrome(KFS) consists of short neck, low posterior hairline and restriction of motion of the neck due to fusion of cervical vertebrae. The typical disorder results from a failure of the normal segmentation of mesodermal somites during 3-8 weeks of gestation. In 1912, the first complete clinical description of this syndrome was given by Klippel and Feil. Feil reported ...
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