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Original Article
Neurology
Correlation of serum S100B levels with brain magnetic resonance imaging abnormalities in children with status epilepticus
Prastiya Indra Gunawan, Darto Saharso, Dian Purnama Sari
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(7):281-285.   Published online May 8, 2019

Purpose: To evaluate the association between elevated S100B levels with brain tissue damage seen in abnormalities of head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI; diffusion tensor imaging [DTI] sequence) in patients with status epilepticus (SE). Methods: An analytical observational study was conducted in children hospitalized at Dr Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya, from July to December 2016. The patients were divided into 2 groups: SE...
Intravenous levetiracetam versus phenobarbital in children with status epilepticus or acute repetitive seizures
Yun-Jeong Lee, Mi-Sun Yum, Eun-Hee Kim, Tae-Sung Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(1):35-39.   Published online January 22, 2016
Purpose

This study compared the efficacy and tolerability of intravenous (i.v.) phenobarbital (PHB) and i.v. levetiracetam (LEV) in children with status epilepticus (SE) or acute repetitive seizure (ARS).

Methods

The medical records of children (age range, 1 month to 15 years) treated with i.v. PHB or LEV for SE or ARS at our single tertiary center were retrospectively reviewed. Seizure termination was defined...

Clinical significance of cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis in pediatric refractory status epilepticus
Jung Mi Kim, Young Mi Kim, Soon Hak Kwon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(10):1086-1092.   Published online October 15, 2006
Purpose : Refractory status epilepticus(RSE) is a serious neurological emergency in children. The mortality is high and the neurological outcome is not good. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) pleocytosis in refractory status epilepticus in children. Methods : From January 1999 to January 2006, 25 out of 37 children with refractory status epilepticus had...
Clinical characteristics and outcomes of status epilepticus as an initial seizure in children
Mi Jeong Kim, Young Ok Kim, Sun Hee Kim, Woo Yeon Choi, Hyung Suk Byun, Chan Jong Kim, Young Jong Woo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(6):659-664.   Published online June 15, 2006
Purpose : To evaluate the morbidity and mortality of children with status epilepticus(SE) as an initial seizure and to compare these according to age groups. Methods : The 78 cases(38 cases <2 years and 38 cases ≥2 years) with SE as an initial seizure admitted to the Chonnam national university hospital from Jan. 2000 to Jan. 2004 were reviewed. Developmental profiles,...
Clinical Characteristics of Neonatal Status Epilepticus
Kyeong Hun Jung, Yun Hee Kim, Young Se Kwon, Yong Hoon Jun, Soon Ki Kim, Byong Kwan Son
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(12):1342-1347.   Published online December 15, 2005
Purpose : Among perinatal risk factors, neonatal seizures are one of the strongest independent discriminators of adverse outcome, representing high risks of mortality and neurologic morbidity. This study was undertaken to evaluate the neurologic outcome of neonatal status epilepticus according to underlying etiology, seizure pattern, onset time, and duration. Methods : We reviewed retrospectively 36 neonates(19 males, 17 females) with status...
Case Report
Two Cases of Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Due to Status Epilepticus with High Fever
Song Heui Shin, Kyung-Rye Moon, Eun-Young Kim, Young-Il Rho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(9):1062-1065.   Published online September 15, 2001
Status epilepticus has been occasionally reported as a cause of acute disseminated intravascular coagulation(DIC), but little is known regarding the pathogenesis of this uncommon association. The occurrence of DIC in status epilepticus may be related to widespread endothelial damage secondary to seizure-induced hyperpyrexia or status epilepticus due to high fever. We experienced two cases of status epilepticus accompanying fever in which laboratory data demonstrated...
Original Article
A Clinical Study of Acute Symptomatic Seizures in Children
Kyeong Eun Lee, Won Seop Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(9):1254-1262.   Published online September 15, 2000
Purpose : To determine the incidence, etiology, sex, age, seizure type and prognosis of acute symptomatic seizures in children and evaluate the hypothesis that acute symptomatic status epilepticus( SE) is associated with an increased risk of subsequent unprovoked seizure compared with the risk of acute symptomatic seizure without SE. Methods : Five hundred and sixty-eight convulsive children visited the Pediatric Department of Chungbuk National University...
Clinical Study of Status Epilepticus in Children
So Young Lee, Seung Hee Jung, Yong Kuk Kim, Byung Hak Lim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(2):249-256.   Published online February 15, 1999
Purpose : Convulsive status epilepticus(SE) is a serious, life-threatening neurological condition that requires immediate treatment to avoid significant morbidity and mortality. Despite improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of SE in the last two decades, SE in young infancy is still associated with high morbidity and mortality. Thus, understanding the varied etiology and clinical presentation and prognosis of SE is...
Clinical Study of Therapeutic Effect in Status Epilepticus.
Young Hyuk Lee, Chang Jun Coe
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1986;29(1):72-78.   Published online January 31, 1986
A clinical studies were conducted to determine the effectiveness of anticonvulsant treatment in 90 cases of status epilepticus in children who had been admitted to Pediatric Department of Yonsei University Medical Center from January 1979 to July 1984. The results were obtained as follows: 1) The incidence was 9.9% of epileptics who visit to our clinic at the same period of time. 2) In...
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