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Review Article
Neurology
Promising candidate cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers of seizure disorder, infection, inflammation, tumor, and traumatic brain injury in pediatric patients
Seh Hyun Kim, Soo Ahn Chae
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2022;65(2):56-64.   Published online August 23, 2021
· Pediatric cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) components have been extensively evaluated as biomarkers of various neurologic diseases.
· Several promising candidate CSF biomarkers, including Tau, glial fibrillary acidic protein, neuron-specific enolase, S100β, and interleukins, have been studied in pediatric patients with seizure disorders, central nervous system infections, inflammation, tumors, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, traumatic brain injuries, intraventricular hemorrhage, and congenital hydrocephalus.
· Circulating microRNAs in the CSF are a promising class of biomarkers for various neurological diseases.
Original Article
Analysis of clinical information and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction for early diagnosis of enteroviral meningitis
Dahee Jin, Tae Hoon Heo, Jung Hye Byeon, Gun-Ha Kim, Mi Kyung Kim, So-Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(11):446-450.   Published online November 22, 2015
Purpose

Meningitis is among the most common infections affecting the central nervous system. It can be difficult to determine the exact pathogen responsible for the infection and patients are often treated with empiric antibiotics. This study was conducted to identify the most common clinical characteristics of enteroviral meningitis in children and evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...

Utility of polymerase chain reaction(PCR) according to sampling time in CSF and stool specimens from patient with aseptic meningitis
Myo Jing Kim, Hye Jin Lee, Jung Mi Choi, Soo Jin Jung, Jae Won Huh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(7):745-750.   Published online July 15, 2006
Purpose : Enteroviruses are the most common cause of aseptic meningitis in patients of all ages. A definite diagnosis of enteroviral meningitis can be established by detection of virus directly in CSF specimens. But this is time-consuming and lacks sensitivity, so polymerase chain reaction(PCR) detecting of viral RNA in patient specimens such as CSF, stool has been demonstrated. But little...
CSF Examination in the First Febrile Seizure
Joseph Jo, Sun Hee Yu, Young Taek Jang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(7):762-767.   Published online July 15, 2004
Purpose : This study was launched to classify subjects of the CSF examination and improve early diagnosis of meningitis and its treatment in children who have had a first febrile seizure. Methods : From March 1995 to September 2003, children aged 3 months to 5 years who had had treatment for febrile seizure were analyzed as to their age at first...
Interpretation of Traumatic Lumbar Puncture in Aseptic Meningitis
Su Jin Sung, Jung Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(5):543-546.   Published online May 15, 2004
Purpose : This study was undertaken to find out a useful method that can predict the true leukocytosis in blood-contaminated cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) due to traumatic lumbar puncture(LP), using white and red cell counts of sanguineous CSF and peripheral blood. Methods : From May 2001 to December 2002, among 1,247 patients presenting symptoms of meningitis who had received LP at Chonnam Hospital,...
Prognosis of Bacterial Meningitis based on Cerebrospinal Fluid Culture
Yun Ju Lee, Won Sung Lee, Kyoung Sim Kim, Ki Bok Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(5):614-621.   Published online May 15, 1998
Purpose : The present study was undertaken to assess whether the results of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture are related to prognosis. Methods : Subjected to this study were 51 cases admitted to our department who had been diagnosed as bacterial meningitis. They were divided into two groups, Group Ⅰ(20) with positive CSF culture and Group Ⅱ(31) with negative outcome, then both...
A Study on the Diagnostic Value of Cerebrospinal Fluid Adenosine Deaminase Activity in Children with Tuberculous Meningitis
Won Kyu Choi, Mee Kyung Namgoong, Hae Yong Lee, Hwang Min Kim, Jae Seung Yang, Jong Soo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1992;35(1):88-97.   Published online January 15, 1992
Tuberculous meningitis is still relatively common infectious disease of central nervous system in korea. The prognosis of tuberculous meningitis is closely related to the state at which treatment if started. Adenosine deaminase (ADA) is an enzyme which irreversibly hydrolyzes adenosine into inosine and ammonia. Recent investigations have suggested that the measurement of ADA activities in cerebrospinal fluid is useful in the...
An Electrophoretic Study of Serum and Cerebrospinal Fluid Proteins in Newborn Infants.
Hyeon Soo Park, Woo Gill Lee, Chong Moo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1981;24(11):1021-1027.   Published online November 15, 1981
There are many diseases that have a characteristic protein electrophoretic patterns of serum and cerebrospinal fluid. The protein electrophoretic study of serum and cerebrospinal fluid has been used clinically for the diagnosis of such diseases. There are very few studies and references on this subject to available in Korea. Therefore authors studied the protein electrophoretic patterns of serum and cerebrospinal...
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