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Review Article
The common orthopedic problems in parent's concern
Dong Eun Shin, Byung Ho Yoon, Ju Hwan Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(2):122-128.   Published online February 15, 2008
Roughly one third of medical problems in children are related to the musculoskeletal system. Most of these problems are common and can be precisely diagnosed. For these problems, nonoperative treatment or reassurance can be given by the pediatrician. Occasionally, a problem needs surgical treatment, but a precise diagnosis must be made. There is little agreement about what types of orthopedic...
Original Article
Normal antistreptolysin O titers of children by age group in the Gyeonggi-Incheon region
Jihun Lee, Yoo Jung Kim, Joong Hyun Bin, Ja Young Hwang, Seong Hoon Hahn, So Young Kim, Hyun Hee Kim, Wonbae Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(10):965-969.   Published online October 15, 2007
Purpose : Measurement of antistreptolysin O (ASO) is often necessary to confirm a clinical diagnosis of recent streptococcal infection, especially in patients suspected of rheumatic fever and acute glomerulonephritis. Standard normal ranges for ASO should be established locally for each age group. We analyzed ASO to determine the upper limit of normal (ULN) ASO in children in the Gyeonggi-Incheon area. Methods...
Review Article
Acute renal failure in pediatrics
Hyewon Hahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(10):948-953.   Published online October 15, 2007
Acute renal failure is the generic term for an abrupt and sustained decrease in renal function resulting in retention of nitrogenous and non nitrogenous waste product. This may results in life threatening consequences including volume overload, hyperkalemia, and metabolic acidosis. Acute renal failure is both common and carries high mortality rate, but as it is often preventable, identification of patients...
Original Article
Clinical characteristics of deep neck abscess in children; 15 year experience in a university hospital
Min-Ji Goo, Jeong-Suk Yeom, Eo-Jin Kim, Jung-Je Park, Ji-Hyun Seo, Eun-Sil Park, Jae-Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(7):649-654.   Published online July 15, 2007
Purpose : The objective of this study was to clarify the presentation, associated preceding illness, pathologic organisms, treatment and outcome of deep neck abscess in children according to age and location. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the in-patient charts of children treated at our hospital for deep neck abscess. Thirty-five such patients were identified as having been treated...
An analysis of one-year experience of pediatric observation unit: The first report in Korea
Jee Young Lee, Ui-Yoon Choi, Soo Young Lee, Ji-Young Lee, Byong Chan Lee, Hui Sung Hwang, Hye Rin Mok, Dae Chul Jeong, Seung Yun Chung, Jin Han Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(7):622-628.   Published online July 15, 2007
Purpose : While pediatric observation units (POU) have become a common practice in hospitals throughout developed countries, there has been no report about POUs in Korea so far. The aims of this study were to analyze our one-year's experience of the POU and to decide which disease entities are suitable for the POU. Methods : All children admitted from...
Review Article
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation : overview for general pediatrician
Tai Ju Hwang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(7):613-621.   Published online July 15, 2007
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has expanded and evolved substantially in the last decades to treat various malignant and nonmalignant diseases. However, the conditioning regimen can lead to transplantation related death by major organ dysfunction, severe infection and bleeding. In the allogeneic setting, graft versus host disease may also develop, making post-transplant management complex. To overcome these problems, new stem...
Original Article
Etiological agents isolated from blood in children with hemato-oncologic diseases (2002-2005)
So-Hee Kim, Young-Ah Lee, Byung-Wook Eun, Nam-Hee Kim, Jin-A Lee, Hyoung Jin Kang, Eun-Hwa Choi, Hee Young Shin, Hoan-Jong Lee, Hyo Seop Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(1):56-64.   Published online January 15, 2007
Purpose : This study was performed to identify the etiologic agents and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of organisms responsible for bloodstream infections in pediatric cancer patients for guidance in empiric antimicrobial therapy. Methods : One hundred and ninety-seven episodes of bloodstream infections that developed in 128 pediatric cancer patients were analyzed, which were identified at the Seoul National University Children's Hospital during...
Factors affecting hematologic recovery and infection in high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation in patients with high-risk solid tumor
Jung Hyun Lee, Bo Lyun Lee, Soo Hyun Lee, Keon Hee Yoo, Ki Woong Sung, Hye Lim Jung, Eun Joo Cho, Hong Hoe Koo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(10):1079-1085.   Published online October 15, 2006
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate factors affecting hematologic recovery and infection in high-dose chemotherapy(HDCT) and autologous stem cell transplantation(ASCT) in patients with high-risk solid tumor. Methods : From January 2004 to December 2005, 72 HDCTs and ASCTs were applied to children with high-risk solid tumor at Samsung Medical Center. Medical records of these 72 HDCTs and...
Review Article
Concept of developmental disability and the role of a pediatrician
Young Jong Woo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(10):1031-1036.   Published online October 15, 2006
In this article, the following topics will be discussed: What is a developmental disability? What are the risk factors for developmental disability? What are the causes of delayed motor development? What are the early manifestations of developmental disability in young infants? What are the goals of early intervention and the forms or types of early intervention services? What are the...
Original Article
Clinical Analysis of the Pediatric Patients Seen in the Emergency Medical Center
Hee Jung Lee, So Yoon Park, Young Hwan Lee, Byung Soo Do, Sam Bum Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(10):1061-1067.   Published online October 15, 2005
Purpose : We studied a clinical analysis of pediatric patients who visited the emergency medical center of Yeungnam University Hospital to compare the characteristics of pediatric emergency patients after year 2000 with the previous studies. Methods : We reviewed 7,034 children under the age of 15 years who visited the emergency medical center of Yeungnam University Hospital during the 2...
Quantitative Assessment of Myocardial Tissue Velocity in Normal Children with Doppler Tissue Imaging : Reference Values, Growth and Heart Rate Related Change
Se Young Kim, Myung Chul Hyun, Sang Bum Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(8):846-856.   Published online August 15, 2005
Purpose : To measure the peak myocardial tissue velocities and patterns of longitudinal motion of atrioventricular(AV) annuli and assess body weight and heart rates-related changes in normal children. Methods : Using pulsed wave Tissue Doppler Imaging(TDI), we measurpeak systolic, early and late diastolic myocardial velocities in 72 normal children at six different sites in apical-4 chamber (A4C) view and at...
Clinical Experience of 60 Pediatric Renal Transplantations at a Single Center
Sun Youn Lee, Hyewon Han, Young Seo Park, Duck Jong Han
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(1):55-65.   Published online January 15, 2004
Purpose : Renal transplantation for the management of end-stage renal disease(ESRD) in children is now the optimal treatment. We analyzed the clinical courses and characteristics of pediatric renal transplantation in Asan Medical Center. Methods : We reviewed the charts of 60 cases of renal transplantation under the age of 18, admitted to Asan Medical Center, from Oct. 1990 to May 2003....
Clinical Analysis of Pediatric Death Patients Visiting Emergency Center
Do Hyun Kim, Seong Hun Lee, Sang Bae Lee, Min Hyuk Ryu, Dong Jin Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(1):12-17.   Published online January 15, 2004
Purpose : We analyzed pediatric death patients who visited Dong-Kang Hospital emergency center, in order to minimize unexpected pediatric deaths. Methods : The authors analyzed retrospectively the medical records of 110 pediatric patients who died before and within 24 hours after admission to the emergency center of Ulsan Dong-Kang General Hospital from January 1997 to December 2002. Results : We classified three...
Pediatrician Perspectives on the Evaluation and Treatment of Acute Gastrointestinal Infections, Jeonbuk, South Korea, 2002
So Hee Lim, Yang Sim Koe, Dae Sun Jo, Sin Jae Lee, Pyoung Han Hwang, P. Kilgore, B. Nyhambat, Jung Soo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(12):1217-1223.   Published online December 15, 2003
Purpose : This study was conducted to assess clinical practices related to the evaluation and treatment of patients with acute gastrointestinal infection(AGI) in infants and children. This survey also evaluated the current opinion regarding the use of rotavirus vaccine. Methods : This survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire provided to 82 pediatricians in private clinics of Jeonbuk province. From April...
A Clinical Study of the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Children
Taek Jin, Dong Soo Kim, Dong Hwan Shin
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(1):42-50.   Published online January 15, 2003
Purpose : The acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS), an acute form of severe alveolar-capillary injury evolving after a direct or indirect lung insult is thought to be a common cause of respiratory failure though not many clinical studies on the subject have been made yet. Methods : Between January 1992 and December 2001, we conducted a retrospective study on 33 children who...
Survey on Counseling about Infant Nutrition Among Doctors on Practicing Pediatric Patients in Primary Medical Facilities
Eun Jung Doe, Eun Sil Lee, Son Moon Shin
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(11):1332-1339.   Published online November 15, 2002
Purpose : Through a survey undertaken among doctors practicing pediatric patients in primary medical facilities on nutrition during infancy, the present study was done to determine whether these doctors were giving appropriate advice on infant nutrition. Methods : We visited pediatric specialists(group one) and non-pediatric specialists or general practitioners(group two) who were practicing in Daegu to ask them...
Results of Treatment for Children with Primary Brain Tumors : Long-Term Follow Up Results of a Single Institute
Sung-Yeon Choi, Sung-Chul Won, Chuhl-Joo Lyu, Seung-Hwan Oh, Chang-Hyun Yang, Chang-Ok Suh, Joong-Uhn Choi, Byung-Soo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(8):1016-1023.   Published online August 15, 2002
Purpose : Brain tumors are the most common solid tumor in children. We retrospectively investigated the clinical characteristics of pediatric brain tumors, such as age, sex, tumor site and survival, as seen in a single institution over the last 15 years. We tried to evaluate the role of chemotherapy on the survival of some brain tumors. Methods : Three hundred...
Analysis of Etiology and Prognosis of Pulmonary Complications in Children with Hematological or Oncological Disorders in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
Jin Young Jung, Soo-Jong Hong, Young Jun An, Ja Hyung Kim, Jong Jin Seo, Hyung Nam Moon, Thad Ghim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(8):1000-1006.   Published online August 15, 2002
Purpose : In the course of treatment, patients with hematological or oncological disorders often develop pulmonary complication. The patients who develop a severe pulmonary complication have a poor outlook. The causes of pulmonary complication are either infectious or non-infectious in origin. We have analyzed the etiology and outcome of these patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit of Asan...
A Clinical Study on Varicella zoster Virus Infection, Relating Factors and Treatment in Pediatric Cancer Patients
Yoon Sook Chung, Su Hyun Kim, Ki Joong Kim, Hahng Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(11):1289-1294.   Published online November 15, 2001
Purpose : We performed this study to contribute to the prevention and treatment of Varicella zoster virus infection in pediatric cancer patients through understanding of VZV infection, acyclovir efficacy and varicella vaccination. Methods : A retrospective study was performed by reviewing chart from January 1988 to January 2001. Results : The diseases among 19 cases were leukemia. 12 cases were solid...
Clinical Analysis of Pediatric Death in Emergency Room
Bo Hyeong Lee, Mi Jung Kim, Hyun Kyung Lee, Young Hwan Lee, Kwang Hae Choi, Seok Hun Song, Sam Beom Lee, Byung Soo Do
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(9):987-991.   Published online September 15, 2001
Purpose : Sudden, unexpected pediatric death triggers acute grief in most survivors. In this study, we analyzed the pediatric death in emergency room in order to find out the factors for minimized unexpected pediatric death and increase awareness of these conditions. Methods : We performed a review on the records of 63 patients under the age of 16 years who died before and after...
Study on the Interrelationship of Air Pollution and Respiratory Diseases in Inchon City Via Children Who Visited the Emergency Room of Inha University Hospital
Hyun Choi, Dae Hyun Lim, Jung Hee Kim, Byong Kwan Son, Jong Whan Lim, Youn Chol Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(10):1372-1379.   Published online October 15, 2000
Purpose : It is generally accepted that air pollution can cause acute respiratory diseases. This study assessed the relationship between air pollution and development of pediatric respiratory diseases in Inchon city. Methods : We studied a number of pediatric patients who developed respiratory diseases such as bronchial asthma, bronchiolitis, URI, bronchitis and pneumonia and visited the Inha University Hospital emergency room...
Clinical Manifestation of Childhood Acute Leukemia with Bone Involvement
Kyoung Eun Jeong, Hee Jung Lee, Kwang Soon Song, Heung Sik Kim, Chin Moo Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(6):806-813.   Published online June 15, 2000
Purpose : Bone involvement is known to develop in 40-70% of pediatric acute leukemia. We aimed to analyze the clinical course and result of therapy in pediatric acute leukemia with bone involvement. Methods : Twenty-seven patients diagnosed as pediatric acute leukemia at Dong San Medical Center from Jan. 1996 to Aug. 1998 were evaluated. According to bone X-ray and whole body...
A Survey on the Adolescent Health Care in Pediatric Practice
Ki Hea Cho, Youn Jung Choi, Young Kyu Shin, Baek Lin Eun, Sang Hee Park, Chang-Ho Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(3):344-350.   Published online March 15, 2000
Purpose : This study was designed to establish standard guidelines to meet the growing health care needs of adolescents by direct assessment of pediatricians' current practices, attitude and obstacles to the primary care of adolescents. Methods : A questionnaire consisting of 9 questions, including personal characteristics of respondents, current health care practice of adolescents, attitude, obstacles to providing adolescent care, interest...
Subclavian Catheterization in the Pediatric Patients
Seung Hee Lee, Sung Ho Cho, Keun Mo Kim, Chan Jong Kim, Hoon Kook, Tai Ju Hwang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(3):368-374.   Published online March 15, 1997
Purpose : Central venous catheters are used to deliver antibiotics, chemotherapeutic agents, and parenteral nutrition for a extended period of time as well as to draw samples in immunocompromised patients to minimize the discomfort with sampling and the risk of introducing infections. Hickman/Broviac catheters or implantable devices have been used in pediatric patients. This study is aimed to evaluate the safety and clinical efficacy of...
Case Report
Isolated Splenic Infarction in a Girl with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Kyung Ran Park, Hee Eun Lee, Yun Ae Jeon, Il Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong, Joong Gon Kim, Yong Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(4):562-566.   Published online April 15, 1996
Splenic infarction is a rare disease and usually detected as a complication of SBE, atrial fibrillation, hemoglobinopathy, or myeloproliperative disorders. Although thrombotic event, such as deep vein, cerebral or renal thrombosis, is a frequent complication of SLE, there have been only a couple of cases documenting splenic infarction complicated in SLE. This is, to our knowledge, the first case report...
Original Article
A Study of Antimicrobial Sensitivity to Isolated Bacteria in Ulsan
Sun Ju Kim, Yong Woon Baek, Jin Yeong Jeong, Sung Ryul Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1995;38(10):1329-1339.   Published online October 15, 1995
Purpose : The Patterns of predominant microorganisms and their antibiotic sensitivity have been changed by various factors. Identification and evaluation of major pathogenic organisms and selection of optimal antibiotics were essential in the management of infectious diseases. This susceptibility patterns of antibiotics would be useful to improve empirical antimicrobial therapy. Methods : We studied the antimicrobial sensitibity to isolated bacteria from...
Stastical Studies on Pediatric Emergency Room Patients
Kyoung Dug Moon, Won Ah Park, Hae Kyung Lee, Young Hee Yu, Hyun Suk Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(12):1732-1739.   Published online December 15, 1993
The authors reviewed 3145 pediatric patients who visited the emergecy room in the hospital during 3yrs period from Jan. 1989 to Dec. 1991. 1) Among the patients visiting the emergency room, the patients under 15 years of age were 26.4% (3145) of total emergency patients (11930). 2) Yearly distribution of patients were decreased 17% between 1989 and 1991. 3) Monthly distribution of visits...
The Gastrofiberscopic Findings in Pediatric Patients
Yong Min Chung, Hwa Ja Kim, Hann Tchah, Sang Kyu Park, Ho Jin Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(6):837-841.   Published online June 15, 1993
We observed 240 cases ranging in age from 3 months to 15 years seen by gastrofiberoscopy in the department of pediatrics of Seoul Red Cross Hospital from March 1990 to October 1992 and following results were obtained. 1) The male to female ratios in total cases and 89 patients complaining of abdominal pain for more than one month were 0.94:1 and...
Comparative Evaluation of Biochemical and Microscopic Urinalysis in Pediatric
Hwa Jeong Lee, Soo Young Lim, Seung hee Mok, Heui Jeong Kwon, In Sil Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(5):643-649.   Published online May 15, 1993
The authors determined the value of performing urine microscopy on biochemically negative urine sepcimens in a pediatric population. The 746 urine specimens of patients who were either visited or admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, National Police Hospital, from March 1991 to July 1992 were reviewed on the basis of comparative evaluation of biochemical and microscopic urine analysis. Eight reactions...
The Statistical Observations for Pediatric Inpatients (1971-1990)
Hwa Ja Kim, Yong Min Jung, Sang Kyu Park, Ho Jin Park, Mi Ja Shin, Suk Chul Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(5):615-625.   Published online May 15, 1993
We observed the patients admitted to the department of pediatrics Seoul Red Cross Hospital during the past twenty years from Jan. 1971 to Dec. 1990 The results were as follows: 1) The total number of pediatric inpatients during 20 years was 15,800, of which 9,683 were male, 6,117 were female and male to female ratio was 1.58:1 2) On age distribution, neonates and...
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