Clin Exp Pediatr > Accepted Articles
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3345/cep.2021.01326    [Accepted]
Published online December 23, 2021.
Application of 3-dimensional printing implants for bone tumors
Jong Woong Park1,2, Hyun Guy Kang1,2 
1Orthopaedic Oncology Clinic, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea
2Division of Convergence Technology, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea
Correspondence: 
Hyun Guy Kang, Email: ostumor@ncc.re.kr
Received: 27 August 2021   • Revised: 10 November 2021   • Accepted: 3 December 2021
Abstract
Three-dimensional (3D) additive manufacturing has recently been used in various medical fields. Among them, orthopedic oncology is one that utilizes it most actively. Bone and tumor modeling for surgical planning, personalized surgical instrument fabrication, and implant fabrication are typical applications. The 3D-printed metal implants using titanium alloy powder have created a revolutionary change in bone reconstruction that can be customized to all body areas; however, bioprinting remains experimental and under active study. This review explores the practical applications of 3D printing in orthopedic oncology and presents a representative case. The 3D-printed implant can replace the conventional tumor prosthesis and auto/allobone graft, thereby personalizing bone reconstruction. Biologic bone reconstruction using biodegradable or bioprinted materials beyond metal may be possible in the future.
Key Words: 3D printing, Additive manufacturing, implant, Limb salvage surgery, Bone tumor


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