Volume 22(1); January

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Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1979;22(1):46-53.
Published online January 15, 1979.
Clinical and Statistical Studies on Pediatric Emergency Room Patients.
Son Sang Seo, Chong Uh Lee, Chan Yung Kim, Jong Woo Shin
Deparment of pediatrics, College of Medicine Busan National University.
We have reviewed 9009 pediatric age group patiests visiting the emergency room in Busan National University Hospital during the last 8 years and 8 months period from Jan. 1st., 1970 to Aug. 31st.,1978. The clincal and statistical results were obtained in this stydy as following: 1. Of the total 40406 patients visiting the emergency room, the patients under 15years of age occupied 22.3%, with the sex ratio male to female,3:2. 2. The yearly distribution of patients showed little significant change until 1975 because of dconomic stagnation. There after the incidence began to increase and a mareakly sudden increase from 1977 due to medical insurance and medical protection. The monthly distribution revealed a sightly higher incidence in Summer seasin(June. July and August). 3. Preschool childres between one year anad six years of age occupied 42% of all pediatric patients. The most popular rime 27.0% of all pediatric patients were seen. 4. The most common disease was accident (24.2%), the second common was respiratory disease (16.3%), which was followde by vernous disease (13.4%), gastroinestinal disease (8.8%), infectious disease (6.3%), poisonings (5.4%), neonatal disease(4.4%), and surgical disease (4.3%) and the like in order of frequency. 5. The admission rate through the emrgency room was 43.2% of total pediatric emergency patieats.

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