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Statistical Studies on Pediatric Emergency Room Patients.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1981;24(4):304-310.
Published online April 15, 1981.
Statistical Studies on Pediatric Emergency Room Patients.
Jong Han Lee, Jong Soon Kim, Dong Gi Shin, Hyun Sook Lee
Department of Pediatrics, National Veterans Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
응급실 내방 환아의 임상 통계적 현황
이종한, 김종순, 신동기, 이현숙
국립 원호병원 소아과
The authors reviewed 1134 pediatric patients in the ebergency room in this hospital during 5 years period from Jan. 1979. to Dec. 1979. The results were obtained as follows: 1) Among the patients visiting the emergency room, the patients under 15 years of age were 6.1%(1134) of total emergency patients(18447). 2) The male to female ratio was 1.5:1. 3) The highest age group was in the 3-5 years, and the patients in this age group were occupied 23.8%. The age distribution showed that 57.7% was under the 5 years of age. 4) Seasonal distribution of patients showed high incidence in summer(June, July, and Aug.). 5) The most popular time of visiting the emergency room was between 8:00 P.M. to 12:00 P.M. at which time about 32.8% of patients were seen. 6) Distribution of cases as follows: Respiratory disease 35.7%, accident 177% and gastrointestinal disease 14.8%, in turn, kusted reseoectuvely in decresing order of frequency. URI was the most frequency, 25.1% of the total cases, The next diseases were diarrhea(9.5%), Bronchitis(6.6%) and febrile convulsion(6.3%) in turn decreasing order. 7) The most frequent case in various age groups was Respiratory disease. 8) Admission rate of total pediatric patients visiting ER was 7.4% by recommendation. Rate against recommendation of admission was 3.2% of total pediatric patients visiting ER. 9) We think the number of pediatric emergent patient is increasing due to understanding of community inhabitant.
Key Words: Statistical Studies, Pediatric Emergency Room Patients

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