Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1981;24(11):1066-1074.
Published online November 15, 1981.
Clinical Studies of Typhoid Fever in Childhood.
Seoung Ku Kim, Han Soo Choi, Hee Sun Auh, Jong Soo Kim
Department of Pediatrics, Won Ju Christian Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea.
소아기 장티프스의 임상적 관찰
김성구, 최한수, 어희선, 김종수
연세대학교 의과대학부속 원주기독병원 소아과
During the last 7 years from Jan. 1973 to Dec. 1979, 106 cases of typhoid fever has been admitted to the department of Pediatrics of Won Ju Christian Hospital and evaluated clinicaIly. The results were summarized as follows 1. Tota1 number of the patients was 106, of which 62 were male and 44 were female. The peak age group was over 11 years of age and the youngest case was 6 month old male patient. The seasonal incidence was high in July to September. 2. The clinical symptoms on admission were as follows: fever(93.4%), abdominal pain(56.6%), headache(26.4%), nausea and vomiting(25.5%), diarrhea(20.3%) and cough(16.0%) The physical findings were as follows: fever(68.9~), injected throat(56. 690), hepatomegaly(50.0%), coated tongue(45.3%), abdominal tenderness(33.0%), splenomegaly(20.8%) and bradyeardie(16.0%). 3. Anemia was 41.590 and leukopenia was 27.4%. Widal test was positive in 73.6% of all 129 tests. The positive bacteriologic cultures were 56.9% in blood and 10.4% in stool, respectively. 4. The average days of defevervescence was 3. 66 days in CM, 3. 88 days in ampicillin, 2.80days in CM combined with ampicillin and 2.71 days in ampicillin with prednisolone, of each. The doplication was noted in 24 cases(22.6%), which included pneumonia(7 cases), intestinal perforation(7 cases) and intestinal hemorrhage(3 cases).
Key Words: Typhoid fever, Childhood

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