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Study on the Korean Infant Development Screening Test.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1987;30(8):852-867.
Published online August 31, 1987.
Study on the Korean Infant Development Screening Test.
Jong Lin Rhi1, Jung Hwan Choi1, Hyung Ro Moon1, Sechin Cho2
1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Seoul National University
2Department of Pediatrics, University of Kansas, School of Medicine- Wichta U.S.A.
한국 영아 발달 스크리닝 검사에 관한 연구
이 종 린1, 최 중 환1, 문 형 로1, 조 세 린2
1서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2미국 캔사스위치타 의과대학 소아과
Abstract
Developmental problems are relatively prevalent and often treatable if early interventions are to be given. Much better prognosis will also be given if they are treated early & properly by early detection through the use of the developmental screening test. Developmental screening is the application of relatively quick and simple procedures to an asymptomatic population to select out those individuals who are highly likely to have a develop- mental problem. However, the developmental screening tests have not been used routinely by the practitioner, because of their complexity and time consuming. The KIDS (Kansas Infant Development Screen) is a simple, quick and reliable screening tool for use in infants and young children from birth through 25 months of age which was devised by the need for a logical but simple method to record and graph developmental progress in a manner similar to plotting somatic growth. The KIDS are modified for the application to the Korean infants and young children from birth to 24 months of age. The results are as follows: 1) One item was rearranged by one month forward because the 90% of the subjects could pass it one month earlier than expected (item No. 12). 2) Nine items were rearranged by one month backward because the 90% of the subjects could pass them one month later than expected (item No. 18, 22, 30, 36, 37, 40, 64, 67, 68) 3) Three items were excluded because most of the subjects cold not perform them (item N o. 49, 75,82). 4) The mean intertester agreement was 98.4%. 5) The validity showed a very high correlation between chronologic age and development age in 32 normal subjects (r=0.993, p< 0.0001). In conclusion, it seems that the modified KIDS (Kansas Infant Developmental Screening) is a simple, and sensitive developmental screening test, although there are still unresolved problems such as more extensive study for the standardization and the validation of the test.
Key Words: The modified KIDS chart, a simple, and sensitive infants and young children development screening test.


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