Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1988;31(1):93-99.
Published online January 31, 1988.
Statistical Study on Pediatric Emergency Room Patients.
S J Kim, J S Lee, H D Cha, T W Paik, T C Kwon, C M Kang
Department of Pediatrics, Keimyung University, School of Medicine, Taegu, Korea
응급실환아의 통계적 관찰
김선진, 이종수, 차홍대, 백태원, 권태찬, 강진무
계명대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Received: 2 October 1987
Abstract
8934 children under the age of 15 years who vistited the emergency room of Dong San hosital, Keimyung University during a 3-year period from Jan. 1982 to Dec. 1984 were analized clinically and statistically. The results were as follows 1) Out of 8934 pediatric emergency patients, 6951 cases (77.8%) were under the 6 years of age and the peak incidence was between 1 month to 11 months of age (25.7%). 2) The male to female ratio was 1.8: 1. 3) The higher seasonal incidende was in Spring and Summer with the peak in September. 4) 24.8% of the cases visited the emergency room between 8-11 PM and 20.1% were between 4-7 PM. The number of patients visiting the emergency room between midnight to 3 AM has been increasing recently. 5) Distribution by International Classification of Diseases was respiratory diseases (28.9%), gastro- intestinal diseases (20.5%) and injury and poisoning (17.5%) in order. 6) Most frequent disease was actue gastroenteritis (15.7%) followed by upper respiratory infection including tonsillitis (15.4%), pneumonia (6.3%) and febrile convulson (5.0%) in order. 7) 40.4% of the patients who visited the emergency room were hospitalized. Significanlty more patients who had medical insurance (48.7%) were admitted compared with charity (34.0%) and non-insurance patients (31.1%).
Key Words: Emergency patient




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