Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1988;31(7):863-872.
Published online July 31, 1988.
Present status and Problems of weaning.
Young Le Yoon, Moon Hae Bang, Hong Kee Bang, Gang Il Lee, Hak Joo Cha, Jae Ock Park, Sang Jhoo Lee
Department of Pediatrics, Soon Chun Hyang University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
이유에 관한 실태조사 II
윤영례, 방문혜, 방홍기, 이강일, 차학주, 박재옥, 이상주
순천향의대 소아과학교실
Received: 7 November 1987   • Accepted: 5 February 1988
Abstract
This study was conducted to find out the present status and problems of weaning in the provinces of Korea with the 578 outpatients who visited Chun-An, Ku-Mi and Eum-Sung Soon Chun Hyang University Hospital from November 1986 to June 1987. The results and problems obtained from the study are summerized as follows 1) Among 578 parents of this study, 173 were from country and 405 were from city. 2) The incidence of breast and mixed feeding was 74% in the country and 73.6% in the city. It was higher than Seoul. The higher education level of mothers, the higher incidence of artificial feeding. 3) The reasons for artificial feeding were lack of breast milk, disease of mother and baby and occupation of mother in order of frequency. 4) The babies, who started weaning before 5 month of age were 56.1% in the country and 66.7% in the city. It was lower than Seoul (95%). The higher education level of mohers, the earlier weaning start time. 5) The main source of knowledge about weaning was books. 6) Diarrhea noticed after supplementary foods, were 23.1% in the country and 18.6% in the city. There was no difference according to the education level of mothers. 7) The level of knowledge about the following items of rural mothers was lower than that of Seoul. 1) one kind of food at the first time of weaning 2) a spoonful of amount in the beginning of weaning 3) a week of interval between new weaning food 4) one time of weaning food a day at the beginning of weaning 5) offer weaning food before milk 8) The sorts of first weaning foods were fruit, cereals, eggs and vegetables in order of frequency. 9) Egg yolk, given after complete hard-boiling was 13.9% in the country and 25.7% in the city. The reason for hard-boiling was allergy. The incidence of correct answer was 2.3% in the country and 8. 6% in the city. 10) Breast feeding was continued until 1 year of age (73.5% in the country and 70.6% in the city). 11) Some of mothers (22.0% in the country, 17.3% in the city) thought that it is good to start weaning as late as possible and it is helpful to baby’s growing.
Key Words: Weaning, problems




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