Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2008;51(12):1315-1319.
Published online December 15, 2008.
The effect of rooming-in care on the emotional stability of newborn infants
So Yoon Ahn, Sun Young Ko, Kyung Ah Kim, Yeon Kyung Lee, Son Moon Shin
Department of Pediatrics, Cheil General Hospital and Womens Healthcare Center, Kwandong University College of Medicine, Seoul, Kore
모자동실이 신생아의 정서적 안정에 미치는 영향
안소윤, 고선영, 김경아, 이연경, 신손문
관동대학교 의과대학 제일병원 소아청소년과
Correspondence: 
Son Moon Shin, Email: smshinmd@hanmail.net
Abstract
Purpose
: We aimed to examine the effect of rooming-in care on newborn infants emotional stability by comparing them with those cared for in a nursery.
Methods
: Forty-eight full-term newborn infants born at Cheil General Hospital between July 1 and October 31, 2007, were enrolled. Twenty-four newborn infants were roomed-in in their mothers rooms (rooming-in group), and 24 newborns were cared for in the hospital nursery (the nursery group) for the first 3 days of their lives. Those with perinatal problems that required medical treatment were excluded. By using Brazeltons neonatal behavior assessment scale, we measured irritability and self-quieting as well as the duration of crying after heel-stick puncture for the newborn metabolic screening test.
Results
: The rooming-in group had a higher irritability score than the nursery group (6.8¡¾1.7 vs. 4.2¡¾2.1, P<0.001), thereby suggesting stable behavior against external irritation; the former also had a higher self-quieting activity score (5.9¡¾0.3 vs. 4.5¡¾1.8, P=0.001), thereby suggesting that stability was reached quickly from the irritated state. Time taken to stop crying after the heel-stick puncture was significantly shorter in the rooming-in group than in the nursery group (17¡¾15.1 seconds vs. 115.3¡¾98.5 seconds, P<0.001).
Conclusion
: These results show that newborn infants in the rooming-in group exhibit more stable behavior against external irritation and can be stabilized from an irritated state more quickly than infants cared for in the nursery, even after a few days of rooming-in care.
Key Words: Rooming-in care, Affect, Newborn


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