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Helicobacter pylori reinfection rate by a 13C-urea breath test and endoscopic biopsy tests in Korean children

Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2006;49(3):268-272.
Published online March 15, 2006.
Helicobacter pylori reinfection rate by a 13C-urea breath test and endoscopic biopsy tests in Korean children
Jeong Ok Shim, Jeong Kee Seo
Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
한국 소아에서 Helicobacter pylori 박멸 후 13C-요소 호기 검사와 내시경적 생검을 이용한 재감염률 연구
심정옥, 서정기
서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Correspondence: 
Jeong Kee Seo, Email: jkseo@snu.ac.kr
Abstract
Purpose
: The reinfection rate of H. pylori reported before 13C-urea breath test(13C-UBT) era was higher than that of the post 13C-UBT era. Children are usually reluctant to receive invasive endoscopic evaluation for the reinfection of H. pylori, particularly when they are asymptomatic. The aim of the study is to discover the reinfection rate by different diagnostic tests, and to find out what causes the difference.
Methods
: Children confirmed to be eradicated from H. pylori were included in the study. Reinfection was evaluated by endoscopic biopsy based tests(n=34, mean age 11.5¡¾3.7 years) and/or a 13C- UBT(n=38, mean age 10.0¡¾3.6 years) at the time of 18 months after eradication. At first visit, H. pylori infection had been diagnosed by positive results from a rapid urease test, Giemsa stain and Warthin-Starry stain and/or a positive culture. Eradication was defined as negative results from all above tests 1-3 months after eradication therapy.
Results
: Reinfection rate by endoscopic biopsy based tests was 35.3 percent(12/34). All patients had abdominal symptoms(P=0.000). Reinfection rate was 13.2 percent(5/38) by a 13C-UBT. Reinfection rate was higher in children with abdominal symptoms(P=0.008). There was no evidence that reinfection rate depended on the sex(P=0.694), age(P=0.827), diseases(peptic ulcers vs gastritis, P=0.730) and eradication regimen(P=0.087).
Conclusion
: Helocibacter pylori reinfection rate in Korean children was 13.2 percent per 18 months by a non-invasive test or 13C-UBT. Accurate determinations of the reinfection rate in children is affected by the compliance of the diagnostic tests. Non-invasive tests should be considered to investigate the reinfection rate in children.
Key Words: H. pylori , Reinfection , 13C-urea breath test , Gastroduodenoscopy , Abdominal pain , Children


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