Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2005;48(5):481-487.
Published online May 15, 2005.
Serum Adiponectin Levels and Insulin Resistance in Obese Children
Hee-Sun Lee, Jin Lee, Min-Joo Kang, Byung-Min Choi, Kee-Hyoung Lee
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea
비만 소아의 혈중 아디포넥틴과 인슐린저항성에 관한 연구
이희선, 이진, 강민주, 최병민, 이기형
고려대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Correspondence: 
Kee-Hyoung Lee, Email: khlee218@kumc.or.
Abstract
Purpose
: Adiponectin, adipose tissue-specific protein, has anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic properties. It has been found to have a negative correlation with obesity and to play a role in modulating glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. Serum adiponectin concentrations are decreased in adults with obesity and type 2 diabetes. We investigated the difference in adiponectin levels between obese and non-obese children, and evaluated the relationship of serum adiponectin with body mass index(BMI), serum fasting insulin, lipid profiles and homeostasis model assessment(HOMA) in children.
Methods
: We measured serum adiponectin levels by radioimmunoassay in 113 children(82 obese children and 31 non-obese controls) from 8 to 15 years of age, and also checked BMI, fasting serum glucose, insulin and lipid profiles. Fasting and postprandial serum adiponectin concentrations were compared by oral glucose tolerance tests in 27 obese children. The correlations of adiponectin with BMI, insulin, low density lipoprotein(LDL)-cholesterol and HOMA were analyzed by Pearson's correlation.
Results
: The serum adiponectin levels were significantly lower in the obese group(19.7 mg/mL) than in the non-obese group(27.5 mg/mL)(P<0.01). Serum adiponectin concentrations were negatively correlated with BMI(r=-0.39, P<0.01), serum insulin(r=-0.28, P<0.01), LDL-C(r=-0.20, P<0.01) and HOMA(r=-0.22, P<0.01). At oral glucose tolerance tests in obese children, postprandial 2 hours adiponectin level(19.8 mg/mL) was decreased compared to fasting level(25.8 mg/mL)(P<0.01).
Conclusion
: Serum adiponectin concentrations were inversely related to adiposity and insulin resistance in children. We suggest the serum adiponectin level could be used as an early marker of insulin resistance in obese children.
Key Words: Adiponectin , Insulin resistance , Obesity , Children


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