Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2004;47(11):1181-1185.
Published online November 15, 2004.
Epidemiologic Study of Aseptic Meningitis in Daejeon, Korea(1987 through 2003)
Jung-Hoon You, Kyung-Yil Lee, Hyung-Shin Lee, Ja-Hyun Hong, Mi-Hee Lee, Byung-Chul Lee
Department of Pediatric, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
대전 지역에서 무균성 뇌막염의 역학적 연구(1987-2003년)
유정훈, 이경일, 이형신, 홍자현, 이미희, 이병철
가톨릭대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Correspondence: 
Kyung-Yil Lee, Email: leekyungyil@Catholic.ac.kr
Abstract
Purpose
: To evaluate the epidemiologic characteristics of aseptic meningitis in Daejeon, Korea from 1987 to 2003.
Methods
: A total of 2201 medical records of children with aseptic meningitis admitted to the Catholic University of Korea, Daejeon St. Mary's Hospital, was retrospectively analyzed.
Results
: The mean annual number of cases was 129, with a higher rate of occurrence in the summer season(May to August, 74.1%). Outbreaks of aseptic meningitis were noted in the years 1990, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2001, and 2002. The age distribution was relatively even, with higher incidences in the 4-7 years group and in the under one year old group. The male-to-female ratio was 2 : 1. Comparing the epidemics of 1997 and 2002, there were no marked differences in age distribution, except in the less than 1 year old age group(11.8% vs. 4.4%), nor in the monthly incidence. Neurologic complications were found in 0.7% of the patients.
Conclusion
: Outbreaks of aseptic meningitis occurred every one to three years in Daejeon, reflecting typical nationwide epidemics that occurred from 1987 to 2003. The incidence of disease in the less than 1 year age group during each epidemic may reflect the herd immunity of the maternal generation.
Key Words: Aseptic meningitis, Epidemiology


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