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Acquired Thyroid Disorders in Childhood

Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2004;47(9):926-932.
Published online September 15, 2004.
Acquired Thyroid Disorders in Childhood
Ho-Seong Kim
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
소아기 후천성 갑상선질환
연세대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Ho-Seong Kim, Email: kimho@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr
Thyroid hormones influence growth and development, oxygen consumption, heat production, nerve function, and metabolism, thus play a critical role as a regulator of nervous system myelination, of growth and of puberty. Disorders affecting thyroid function may cause irreversible and permanent nervous system damage and developmental delay, especially in early infancy. Appropriate medical care of children with thyroid disorders requires refined knowledge of the thyroid system and an appreciation of distinct characteristics of thyroid disorders in childhood. Therefore, this article will focus on important aspects of acquired thyroid disorders with hypothyroidism, with hyperthyroidism or with normal thyroid function in childhood and adolescence.
Key Words: Acquired, Thyroid disorders, Childhood

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