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Nationwide Survey on Current Status of Formula Feeding in Infants

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 2000;43(7):878-888.
Published online July 15, 2000.
Nationwide Survey on Current Status of Formula Feeding in Infants
Yon Ho Choe, Kyeong Rae Moon, Jeong Wan Seo, Jae Geon Sim, Kee Whan Yoo, Byeung Ju Jeong, Young Mi Hong
Committee on Nutrition, The Korean P ediatric Society
영유아의 분유 수유 실태조사
최연호, 문경래, 서정완, 심재건, 유기환, 정병주, 홍영미
대한소아과학회 영양위원회
Abstract
Purpose
: Although breast milk is considered the best source of nutrition for infants because of its superiority over powdered milk, there are circumstances when breast milk is unavailable. Committee on Nutrition of the Korean Pediatric Society conducted an investigation into the current status of formula feeding in Korea.
Methods
: This investigation was conducted using questionnaires produced by our committee and distributed to mothers of children under the age of two who were using formula feeding at 10 university hospitals and 22 public health centers nationwide between March 1999 to September 1999. A comparative analysis according to location, birth order, mother' s occupation, education, housing tenure and normal birth status was performed on all 2696 questionnaires using the chi-square test.
Results
: Formula feeding was found in 49.4% and formula feeding combined with breast milk were 21.5% of the respondents. The percentage of formula feeding was higher in working mothers who underwent a Cesarean section in metropolitan areas. The inadequacy of breast milk was the most common reason for feeding powdered milk followed by the unhealthy condition of the mother and mother' s return to work. Of those investigated, 94.9% said that they changed products at each stage as recommended by the manufacturer. Promotions for special formulas were more active in metropolitan areas than other areas, and 57.7% said that they used special formulas based on recommendations by the doctor and acquaintances(15.5%) or after seeing an advertisement(14.0%).
Conclusion
: This investigation revealed that many mothers were misinformed concerning formula feeding and pediatricians should provide mothers with education, shedding light on proper feeding methods.
Key Words: Nationwide surveys, Formula feeding


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