Clin Exp Pediatr > Accepted Articles
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3345/cep.2021.00234    [Accepted]
Published online July 8, 2021.
Growth patterns of preterm infants in Korea
Joo Hee Lim  , So Jin Yoon  , Soon Min Lee 
Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence: 
Soon Min Lee, Email: smlee@yuhs.ac
Received: 28 February 2021   • Revised: 27 May 2021   • Accepted: 11 June 2021
Abstract
With advancements in neonatal care and nutrition, the postnatal growth of preterm infants has improved; however, it remains an issue. Accurate assessments of growth using a standardized reference is needed to interpret the intrauterine and postnatal growth patterns of preterm infants. Growth in the earlier periods of life can contribute to later outcomes, and the refinement of postnatal growth failure is needed to optimize outcomes. Catch-up growth occurs mainly before discharge and until 24 months of age, and very low birth weight infants in Korea achieve retarded growth later in life. Knowing an infant’s perinatal history, reducing morbidity rates during admission, and performing regular monitoring after discharge are required. Preterm infants with a lower birth weight or who were small for gestational age are at increased risk of poor neurodevelopmental outcomes. Furthermore, poor postnatal growth is predictive of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Careful monitoring and early intervention will contribute to better development outcomes and national public health improvements.
Key Words: Growth, Preterm infants, Development, Growth failure


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