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Clinical Observation of Convulsions in Children.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1983;26(11):1102-1110.
Published online November 30, 1983.
Clinical Observation of Convulsions in Children.
Sang Chul Park, Eun Mi Kim, Jae Ock Park, Dong Whan Lee, Sang Ju Lee, Sang Man Shin
Department of Pediatrics, Soon Chun Hyang Medical College, School of Medicine, Korea
소아 경련성 질환의 임상적 고찰
박상철, 김은미, 박재옥, 이동환, 이상주, 신상만
순천향대학의학부 소아과학교실
Abstract
We have observed clinically about 254 patients of convulsive disorder at the psdiatric department of Soon Chun Hyang Hospital from Jan. 1981 to Dec. 1982. The clinical and statistical results were obtained as follows. 1) The incidence of convulsive disorders among the patients of admission was 9.2%. 2) The most common cause of convulsion was febrile convulsion(34.5%) and the next was epilepsy (18.9%). 3) Convulsion was mo3t frequent in children from 2 years to 6 years (35.6%) of age. 4) In each age group, intracranial hemorrhage was the most common cause of convulsion in newborn from birth to 1 month, febrile convulsion in children from 1 month to 6 months, 6 months to 2 years and 2 years to 6 year3, and epilepsy in children over 6 years of age. 5) Febrile convulsion had the highest incidence in children from 6 months to 2 years of age and epilepsy was most frequent in children from 2 to 6 years of age. 6) The incidence of family history in febrile convulsion was 25.3%, but in epilepsy, 8%, 7) The most common type of convulsion was tonic(64.8%) in febrile convulsion and clonic (54%) in epilepsy. 8) The most common cause of febrile convulsion was pharyngotonsillitis(68.1%), and the next was pneumonia & bronchitis(13.2%), and acute gastroenteritis(8.8%) in order of frequency. A brief review of related literatures was made.
Key Words: Convulsive disorder


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