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Clinical Observation of Neonatal Skin.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1984;27(11):1063-1069.
Published online November 30, 1984.
Clinical Observation of Neonatal Skin.
Kyu Han Kim1, Hee Chul Eun1, Chong Ku Yun2
1Department of Dermatology,College of Medicine, Seoul National University
2Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Seoul National University
신생아 피부의 임상적 관찰
김규한1, 은희철1, 윤종구2
1서울대학교 의과대학 피부과학교실
2서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Abstract
A clinical study of neonatal skin was carried out from March 1983 to November 1983. This study sought to investigate the incidence and clinical features of neonatal skin abnormalities. 729 neonates of Seoul National University Hospital were included in this study and the
results
can be summarized as follows; 1) Mongolian spots were observed in 80.2%, occuring most frequently in the sacral area. 2) Salmon patches were observed in 31.8%, the nape of the neck being the most common site. 3) Pigmented lesions were observed in 1.7% but a histopathologic study was not done. 4) Portwine stains were observed in 1.0%. 5) Erythema toxicum neonatorum were observed in 33.3% mainly on the trunk and the extremities, The majority of these appeared within 1 〜3 days after birth and disappeared 3〜7days after birth. 6) Skin tags were observed in 1.9% mainly on the anterior part of the chest. 7) Auricular fistulae were observed in 6 neonates (0.8%). 2 cases were bilatral and there was a tendancy for the fistulae to appear more frequently on the left side of the ear in females. 8) Accessory auricles were observed in neonates(0.4%) and 1 case was bilateral. 9) Cutis marmorata were observed in 3.6%.
Key Words: Skin abnormalites, Birthmarks, Neonates.


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