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Current Immune Status of Children and Pregnant Women in Korea(I).

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1989;32(5):620-629.
Published online May 31, 1989.
Current Immune Status of Children and Pregnant Women in Korea(I).
Eun Jung Kim, Ju Kwan Park, Chang Hwi Kim, Sang Jhoo Lee
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Soon Chun Hyang University, Seoul, Korea
한국소아와 가임여성 및 임산부의 풍진항체 보유율에 관한 연구 (제 1보)
김은정, 박주관, 김창휘, 이상주
순천향대학 의학부 소아과학교실
Received: 4 October 1988   • Accepted: 21 November 1988
This study was conducted to find out rubella immune status as basic data for devising surveillance plan to prevent rubella epidemic and congenital rubella syndrome in Korea. Rubella ELISA antibody was tested to the study group of 253 cord blood. 352 children and 486 pregnant women. who visited Soonchunyhang University Hospital from Feb., 1987 to Oct.. 1987 The provisional results obstanined from the study are summerized as follows 1) The positive rate of rubella antibody was 89.3%(226/ 253) in cord blood. 16.7%(3/ 18) in 0 to 6 month age. 13.5%(5/37) in 7 to 11 month of age. 58.6%(75/ 128) in 1 to 2 yeat of age. 76.8%(76/ 99) in 3 to 5 year of age. and 100%(5/5) above 35 year of age. Passive immunity from mother was lost notable at the age of 7 to 11 months. and positive rate increased gradually with age. 2) The average positive rate of rubella anibody was 57.7%(203/ 352) in children. and 88.9%(412/ 486) in pregnant women. Therefore 11.1% of pregnant women susceptible to rubella infection. 3) Postive antibody rate in children. male was 60.9%(129/ 212) and female was 65.0%(91/ 140). But there were nostatisical significance. 4) The children were dividied 3 groups according to the state of immunization documentation. Children with a documented history of immunization showed 92.3%(24/ 26) of positive rate. while in those with questionable history of immunization(no documentation on medical record) the rate was 73.3%(151/207). Children with no history of immunization showed 23.5%(28/ 119). Authors think that physicians who perform immunization should be documented it in medical record or health and immunization record and it is necessary to educate the parents about the reason of keeping of the health and immunization record.
Key Words: Rubella, ELISA Antibody

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