Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1990;33(2):189-195.
Published online February 28, 1990.
A Clinical and Diagnostic Study of the Allergic Rhinitis in Children.
Hyun Kuk Kim, Min Yong Oum, Bok Yang Pyun, Sang Jhoo Lee
Department of Pediatrics, Soon Chun Hyang University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
소아 알레르기성 비염의 진단적 검토
김현국, 엄민용, 편복양, 이상주
순천향의과대학 소아과학교실
Received: 22 June 1989   • Accepted: 19 September 1989
Recently many studies and development of allergology especially in allergic rhinitis have been carried out and the number of allergic rhinitis patients has been increased. In order to get basic clinical information, the authors performed clinical and diagnostic analysis with 132 cases complaining of nasal stuffness, watery rhinorrhea or sneezing who visited the out- patient department of Pediatrics, Soon Chun Hyang University Hospital from December, 1987 to September, 1988. The result were as follow: 1) The main clinical manifestations were nasal obstruction (68%), watery rhinorrhea (50.8%) and sneezing (50%) in sequence. 2) The peak incidence of age is in 4 to 5 years of age, and the sex ratio of male to female was 2. 14:1. 3) Familial allergic history was positive in 53.8%. 4) The Total eosinophil count in peripheral blood below 250 /mm3 were 52.3% and more than 250 / mm3 were 47.7%. 5) Total IgE level by PRIST 250 IU/ml were 56.1%, more than 250 IU/ml were 43.9%. 6) The 46.2% of patients revealed PNS X-ray abnormalities. 7) The positive rate of nasal smear for eosinophil was 61%. 8) In the cases of the positive rate of nasal smear for eosinophil, the eosinophil count in peripheral blood and total IgE level were increased.
Key Words: Allergic rhinitis, Children

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