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The incidence of complications in severely obese children.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1991;34(4):445-453.
Published online April 30, 1991.
The incidence of complications in severely obese children.
Dong Hwan Lee, Chong Guk Lee, Chul Lee, Yong Seung Hwang, Sung Ho Cha, Yong Choi
Committee of Child Health, The Korean Pediatric Association
고도 비만아의 합병증에 대한 연구
이동환, 이종국, 이철, 황용승, 차성호, 최용
대한소아과학회 보건위원회
The measurement of body weight, height and blood pressure, urine sugar, oral glucose tolerance test, S-GOT, S-GPT, cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol tests were made in 324 severely obese elementary, middle and high school students (218 boys and 106 girls) to know the incidence of complication in these children. . The results were as follow: 1) S-GOT or S-GPT were increased abnormally in 38.3% and fatty livers were suspected. 2) Serum cholesterol was over 200mg% in 48.2%. 3) Serum triglyceride was over 150 mg% in 36%. 4) HDL-cholesterol was below 400 mg% in 18.3%. 5) LDL-cholesterol was over 110 mg% in 65.7%. There was no correlation between LDL-cholesterol and obesity index. 6) Atherosclerosis index was over 3 in 56.7%. 7) The incidence of complication in severely obese children: hyperlipidemia in 60.7%, fatty liver in 38.3%, hypertension in 7.4%, diabetes mellitus in 0.38%. 8) Children who have more than one complication were 81.3% in male, 75.5% in female, and 78. 3% in overall 324 severely obese children.
Key Words: Obesity, Complication, Hypercholesterolemia, Fatty liver

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