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Herpes zoster complicated by deep vein thrombosis : a case report

Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2009;52(5):607-610.
Published online May 15, 2009.
Herpes zoster complicated by deep vein thrombosis : a case report
Woo-Yeon Cho, Young-Kuk Cho, Jae-Sook Ma
Department of Pediatrics, Chonnam National University Medical School Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwang-Ju, Korea
대상포진에 합병된 심부정맥혈전증 1예
최우연, 조영국, 마재숙
전남대학교의과대학, 전남대학교병원 소아과학교실
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes two diseases: Varicella, a generalized, primary infection, and herpes zoster (zoster), a secondary infection caused by latent VZV reactivation. Zoster can also be caused by latent VZV reactivation after a varicella vaccination. The complications associated with varicella include cutaneous infections, which are the most common, as well as pulmonary and neurological involvement. However, a deep venous thrombosis (DVT) has been rarely described as a varicella-associated complication. Here, we describe the case of a child with varicella zoster who developed a DVT that completely resolved after intravenous acyclovir and subcutaneous low-molecular-weight heparin treatment.
Key Words: Varicella zoster virus, Herpes zoster, Varicella vaccine, Deep venous thrombosis

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