Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2006;49(10):1056-1060.
Published online October 15, 2006.
Analysis of newborn hearing screening using automated auditory brainstem response
Sung Won Park1, Byung Ho Yun1, Kyung Ah Kim1, Sun Young Ko1, Yeon Kyung Lee1, Son Moon Shin1, Sung Hwa Hong2
1Department of Pediatrics, Cheil General Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul,
2Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Samsung Seoul Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicin
자동화 청성뇌간반응을 이용한 신생아 청력선별검사 결과 분석
박성원1, 윤병호1, 김경아1, 고선영1, 이연경1, 신손문1, 홍성화2
1성균관대학교 의과대학 제일병원 소아과
2성균관대학교 의과대학 삼성서울병원 이비인후과
Correspondence: 
Son Moon Shin, Email: smshinmed@skku.edu
Abstract
Purpose
: As hearing ability affects language and cognitive development, early detection and intervention of congenital hearing defects is very important. We analyzed the result of newborn hearing screening using automated auditory brainstem response and estimated the incidence of congenital hearing defects in newborn infants in Korea.
Methods
: Hearing screening tests were done on 7,218 newborn infants who were delivered at Cheil General Hospital from July 1, 2004 to June 30, 2005. The first screening test was done on the second day of life with automated auditory brainstem response(AABR) using ALGO○③ Newborn hearing screener(NatusⓇ Medical Incorporated, San Carlos, USA) with 35 dB sound level. The newborn infants who did not pass the initial screening test took the second screening AABR test before discharge from the nursery. Infants who did not pass these screenings at the nursery were followed up at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Samsung Seoul Hospital.
Results
: Total 7,218 infants(83.3 percent of total 8,664 live births of the Cheil General Hospital) were screened in the nursery, and 55 of them failed to pass the newborn screening. Among 55 infants who were referred, six were lost during follow-up, and 14 were confirmed as hearing impaired. Six of them(42.8 percent) do not have any risk factors for hearing impairment. We can estimate that the incidence of hearing defects is about 1.9-2.8 per 1,000 live births.
Conclusion
: Automated auditory brainstem response is an effective tool to screen the hearing of newborn infants. Congenital hearing loss is more frequent than metabolic diseases on which screening tests are available in the newborn period. About 40 percent of infants who have hearing defects do not have any risk factors for hearing impairment. Therefore, universal newborn hearing screening must be recommended to all neonates.
Key Words: Congenital hearing loss , Automated auditory brainstem response , Newborn hearing screening test


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