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Headaches in children and adolescents : diagnosis and treatment

Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2006;49(4):354-363.
Published online April 15, 2006.
Headaches in children and adolescents : diagnosis and treatment
So Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea
소아 및 청소년에서 두통의 원인과 치료
은소희, 은백린
고려대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Baik-Lin Eun, Email: bleun@korea.ac.kr
Headaches are common in children and become more common and increase in frequency during adolescence. There are various causes of headaches. The majority of cases are considered as primary and include migraine and tension headaches. The rational evaluation of headache begins with careful history. Migraine is genetically determined recurrent pain syndrome accompanied by neurological and gastrointestinal features, involving interaction of external triggers and internal pathophysiology and the causes of considerable disability to suffers. Establishing the correct diagnosis is essential for successful treatment. Treatment of pediatric migraine includes an individually tailored regimen of both nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic measures.
Key Words: Headache , Migraine , Children , Adolescents

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