Warning: fopen(/home/virtual/pediatrics/journal/upload/ip_log/ip_log_2024-05.txt) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /home/virtual/pediatrics/journal/ip_info/view_data.php on line 82

Warning: fwrite(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /home/virtual/pediatrics/journal/ip_info/view_data.php on line 83
Assessment of Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness Using Chest Auscultation and Oxygen Saturation Measurement in Pre-school Children with a History of Wheezing

Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2004;47(4):417-423.
Published online April 15, 2004.
Assessment of Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness Using Chest Auscultation and Oxygen Saturation Measurement in Pre-school Children with a History of Wheezing
Young Yoo, Jinho Yu, Hee Kang, Eun Kyeong Kang, Young Yull Koh
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
천명의 병력이 있는 학령 전기 아동에서 흉부 청진과 산소 포화도를 이용한 기관지 과민성의 평가
유영, 유진호, 강희, 강은경, 고영률
서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Correspondence: 
Young Yull Koh, Email: kohyy@plaza.snu.ac.kr
Abstract
Purpose
: This study aimed to determine the efficacy and usefulness of chest auscultation and oxygen saturation measurement in the assessment of bronchial hyperresponsiveness to inhaled methacholine in pre-school wheezing children.
Methods
: One hundred and four children with histories of wheezing underwent bronchial challenges with nebulized methacholine using chest auscultation and oxygen saturation measurement. The challenge was considered positive when PCW(provocation concentration at wheezing), PCSat(provocation concentration at 5% fall of oxygen saturation), or PCRR(provocation concentration at 50% increase in respiratory rate), was detected below 8 mg/mL of methacholine concentration. Patients were grouped according to their history of wheezing in the previous year : Group 1(children who had no episode, n=45), Group 2(children who wheezed one or two times, n=18), and Group 3(children who wheezed more than three times, n=41). Thirty-three children with no history of wheezing served as normal controls.
Results
: The geometric means of PCW and PCSat of Group 2 and Group 3 were significantly lower than that of the control group(P<0.0001). There were decreasing tendencies of the geometric means of PCW and PCSat in the order of Group 1, Group 2, and Group 3. The PCRR of Group 3 was significantly lower than the other groups. The proportions of positive responses tend to increase in the order of control group, Group 1, Group 2, and Group 3(P<0.0001).
Conclusion
: We propose that chest auscultation and oxygen saturation measurement for the assessment of bronchial hyperresponsiveness to methacholine in pre-school children are effective and useful for diagnosis of asthma.
Key Words: Bronchial hyperresponsiveness, Methacholine inhalation, Chest auscultation, Oxygen saturation measurement, Respiratory rate, Bronchial provocation, Pre-school children


METRICS Graph View
  • 2,495 View
  • 20 Download