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Study on Vaccination State in Children : Jeonbuk Province, 2000

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 2002;45(10):1234-1240.
Published online October 15, 2002.
Study on Vaccination State in Children : Jeonbuk Province, 2000
Ju Mi Choung1, Jung Chul Kim1, So Hee Eun1, Pyoung Han Hwang1, B. Nyhambat2, P. Kilgore2, Jung Soo Kim1
1Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea
2International Vaccine Institute, Seoul, Korea
전라북도 아동의 예방접종실태에 관한 조사연구
정주미1, 김정철1, 은소희1, 황평한1, B. Nyhambat2, P. Kilgore2, 김정수1
1전북대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2국제백신연구소
Correspondence: 
Jung Soo Kim, Email: kimjsp@moakchonbuk.co.kr
Abstract
Purpose
: This study was carried out to obtain the vaccination rate and age appropriateness of vaccination in children under five years of age in Jeonbuk province.
Methods
: Eight hundred and fifty infants and children were enrolled in this study. Vaccination rate(Number of vaccinees/Number of subjects), places of vaccination, age appropriateness of vacination were examined by either vaccine record review or interview with parents or guardians.
Results
: The salient features of the findings were as follows : All subjects were aged under five and mostly under two years of age(68.8%). Places of vaccination were health centers or subcenters( 50.4%), private clinics(44.3%), and general hospitals(5.3%). Routine vaccinations such as BCG, hepatitis B vaccine(HBV), diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis(DTaP) and Trivalent Oral Polio Vaccine(TOPV), measles, mumps, rubella(MMR), and Japaneses B encephalitis(JBE) were vaccinated mostly in health centers or subcenters, while chickenpox(CHP) and haemophilus influenzae vaccines(Hib), which are not routine in Korea, were vaccinated in private clinics. The vaccination rates of BCG(99.2%), HBV(93.5%) and DTaP(96.1%) were very high. But those of MMR(83.7%), CHP(72.5%), JBE(50.2%), and Hib(15.8%) were lower than expected. Considering the age appropriateness of vaccination, some infants and children were not appropriately vaccinated(vaccination rate/age appropriateness of vaccine; HBV, 93.5%/88.4% : DTaP, 94.6%/73.1% : JBE, 50.2%/ 18.5%).
Conclusion
: The vaccination rate of BCG, HBV, DTaP and TOPV was very high, but MMR, CHP, JBE, and Hib vaccination rate was not high enough to be able to protect against epidemic. We should pay more attention to vaccinating children, and there is a need for a program that will enhance coverage for vaccines.
Key Words: Vaccination rate, Jeonbuk province, Children


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