Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 2001;44(6):677-682.
Published online June 15, 2001.
The Optimum Dose of Oral Diazepam to Reduce Seizure Attack in Febrile Seizure Patients During Febrile Illness
Im Jeong Choi, Je Eun Choi, Jung A Lee, Pil Ju Jeong, Sung Mi Kim, Jin Hwa Jeong, Jeong Ho Lee
Department of Pediatrics, Maryknoll Hospital, Pusan, Korea
열성경련 환아에서 경련 발생 감소를 위한 경구용 Diazepam의 적정 용량
최임정, 최제은, 이정아, 정필주, 김성미, 정진화, 이정호
부산 메리놀병원 소아과
: Febrile seizure is the most common type of seizure affecting 3-4% of children. The recurrence rate of febrile seizure is approximately 33%. About 16% of children with a febrile seizure during the febrile illness have a recurrent seizure attack within 24 hours. This study aimed to investigate the optimum dose of diazepam to reduce the recurrence of febrile seizures in children who have had a febrile seizure attack.
: The children with febrile seizure who were admitted to the Maryknoll hospital for investigation and treatment were retrospectively reviewed. The study group compromised 306 children. The febrile seizure was defined as seizure attack with fever(above 38℃) without evidence of intracranial infection or defined cause in children aged 6 months to 5 years. The children were divided into four groups according to dose of diazepam. Group I, 72 patients, received no diazepam therapy. Group II, 78 patients, received oral diazepam in a dose of 0.1 mg/kg every eight hours during the febrile illness, Group III, 87 patients, 0.2 mg/kg, and Group IV, 69 patients, 0.3 mg/kg, respectively.
: The seizure attack rate and the duration of admission were reduced in both Group III and Group IV. However, there was no difference in the side effects of the diazepam between group III and IV.
: Oral diazepam in a dose of 0.2 mg/kg effectively decreases both the seizure attack rate and the duration of admission.
Key Words: Febrile seizure, Oral diazepam, Febrile illness

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