Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1999;42(8):1086-1095.
Published online August 15, 1999.
Effects of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibition into Apoptosis and Related Genes in the Neonatal Rat Kidney
Kee Hwan Yoo, Haewon Cheon, Byung Min Choi, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee, Soon Kyum Kim
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea
안지오텐신 전환효소 억제가 신생 백서 신장의 Apoptosis와 그 조절인자의 발현에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구
유기환, 전혜원, 최병민, 홍영숙, 이주원, 김순겸
고려대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Kee Hwan Yoo, Email: 1
: The renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in renal growth and development. Exposuring the neonate to angiotensin converting enzyme(ACE) inhibitor increases mortality and results in growth retardation and abnormal renal development. ACE inhibition in the developing kidney reduces the renal expression of TGF-β1 and EGF, which may account for renal growth impairment. This study was designed to investigate the relationship between this growth impairment, and apoptosis, cell proliferation, bcl-2 and clusterin expression.
: Newborn rat pups were treated with enalapril(30mg/kg/d) or vehicle for 7 days and kidneys were removed for RT-PCR and Western blotting of bcl-2 and clusterin. Distribution of apoptosis was determined by modified TUNEL technique and PCNA for cell proliferation was stained by immunohistochemistry.
: Enalapril treatment resulted in 24% mortality by day 7 and reduced body weight(P< 0.05 versus vehicle group). Enalapril increased renal apoptosis and decreased PCNA positive proliferating cells especially in cortical tubular epithelial cells(P<0.05). Renal bcl-2 and clusterin mRNA expression was increased(P<0.05), but bcl-2 and clusterin protein expression was decreased by enalapril treatment. Conculsion : These results indicate that ACE inhibition in the developing kidney increases apoptosis and decreases cell proliferation, which may account for renal growth impairment. Bcl-2 and clusterin mRNA expression may increase as a secondary response to increased apoptosis and decreased their protein expression.
Key Words: Angiotensin converting enzyme, Apoptosis, Bcl-2, Clusterin, Newborn

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