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Cell Proliferation and Apoptosis in Heart of Trisomy 16 in Mice

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1999;42(5):621-630.
Published online May 15, 1999.
Cell Proliferation and Apoptosis in Heart of Trisomy 16 in Mice
Eun Jung Bae1, Yong Soo Yun2, Jung Sun Kim1, Jeong-Wook Seo3
1Departments of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
2Departments of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Heart Research Institute, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul, Korea
3Departments of Pathology, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Heart Research Institute, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul, Korea
다운 증후군 동물 모델 제16 삼염색체증 생쥐 심장에서의 세포 증식과 세포 고사
배은정1, 윤용수2, 김정선1, 서정욱3
1서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실, 의학연구원 심장연구소
3서울대학교 의과대학 병리학교실, 의학연구원 심장연구소
Correspondence: 
Jeong-Wook Seo, Email: 1
Abstract
Purpose
: Although abnormal developments of cushion and atrioventricular septum have been suggested, the exact mechanism for the development of atrioventricular septal defect is not well known. We aimed to identify the role of cell proliferation and apoptosis on cardiac morphogenesis in trisomy 16 mice(an animal model for Down's syndrome in human).
Methods
: We examined the difference in cardiac masses and structures of trisomy 16 mice and normal control mice at stages of embryonal day 11, day 14 and day 16, when the endocardial cushion grows rapidly. We prepared cardiac section slides with PCNA and TUNEL staining and measured the amount, location of cell proliferation and apoptosis with computerized image analysis system.
Results
: Atrioventricular septal defects were evident at day 14 and day 16 trisomy embryos. The ventricle areas were smaller in trisomy mice especially at day 14 embryos(P=0.04). And the cell proliferation rates were lower in trisomy mice along these periods. The rate of apoptosis was lower in trisomy embryo than control at both ventricular myocytes and interventricular septum, but characteristically apoptotic bodies were condensed at endocardial cushion area in trisomy 16 embryo.
Conclusion
: The developmental problems of atrioventricular septal defect of trisomy 16 mice resulted from myocardial hypoplasia and late localized apoptosis at cushion area, and these changes may play an important role in ventricular remodelling of atrioventricular septal defect.
Key Words: Trisomy 16 mouse, Endocardial cushion, Atrioventricular septal defect, Cell proliferation, apoptosis


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