Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1999;42(4):535-544.
Published online April 15, 1999.
Congenital Esophageal Stenosis : with Special Reference to Diagnosis and Postoperative Complications
Ju Young Jang1, Jae Seong Ko1, Kwi Won Park2, Woo Seon Kim3, In Won Kim3, Ja Jun Jang4, Jeong Kee Seo,1
1Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
3Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
4Department of Pathology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
선천성 식도 협착증 : 진단 방법 및 수술후 장기 예후에 관한 고찰
장주영1, 고재성1, 박귀원2, 김우선3, 김인원3, 장자준4, 서정기1
1서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2서울대학교 의과대학 소아외과학교실
3서울대학교 의과대학 방사선과학교실
4서울대학교 의과대학 병리학교실
Correspondence: 
Jeong Kee Seo,, Email: 1
Abstract
Purpose
: Congenital esophageal stenosis(CES) is one of the rare causes of recurrent vomiting during infancy and childhood. We studied the diagnostic and therapeutic tools and postoperative complications for early diagnosis and adequate management of CES.
Methods
: Fourteen cases of CES were evaluated for clinical manifestations, findings of esophagogram and esophagoscopy, classification of pathologic findings and postoperative complications.
Results
: Most common clinical manifestations at onset were non-projectile vomiting(14), dysphagia to solids(13). Age at onset of symptoms corresponded with the introduction of solids in 11 cases. Esophagogram showed segmental stenosis of variable length in the lower portion of the esophagus in all cases with marked proximal dilatation in 11 cases. Esophagoscopy revealed no signs of esophagitis or ulcer at the area of stenosis. Segmental resection and primary anastomosis were performed as a definitive treatment modality in all cases except one with fibromuscular stenosis. Bronchial cartilage were present in all cases of tracheobronchial remnants(10). Abnormal arrangement and thickening of muscularis mucosae and inner circular muscle were found in all cases of fibromuscular stenosis(4). Postoperative complications were gastroesophageal reflux(5), stricture of anastomotic sites, reflux esophagitis, and so on.
Conclusion
: CES is rare but should be considered as a cause of recurrent vomiting and dysphagia to solid food beginning in infancy and childhood especially in the weaning period. Esophagogram and esophagoscopy are useful tools for diagnosis and differential diagnosis. The stricture of anastomosis site, gastroesophageal reflux and esophagitis need to be evaluated in the follow-up postoperative periods.
Key Words: Congenital esophageal stenosis, Dysphagia, Tracheobronchial remnants, Idiopathic fibromuscular stenosis


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