Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1999;42(4):462-471.
Published online April 15, 1999.
Fcr Receptor and Mac-1 Expression and Functional Differentiation of HL-60 Cells by All-trans Retinoic Acid
Hae Soon Kim1, Kyung Hyo Kim1, Gyoung Hee Kim1, Ju Young Seoh,2
1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
All-trans retinoic acid 처리에 따른 HL-60 세포주의 Fcr 수용체와 Mac-1의 발현 및 기능 분화
김혜순1, 김경효1, 김경희1, 서주영2
1이화여자대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2이화여자대학교 의과대학 미생물학교실
Correspondence: 
Hae Soon Kim, Email: 1
Abstract
Purpose
: During differentiation of HL-60 cells by all-trans retinoic acid(ATRA), we analyzed the expression of Fcr receptors and Mac-1 by molecules of equivalent soluble fluorochromes(MESF) and functional studies.
Methods
: HL-60 cells were induced to differentiate by adding 1μM ATRA. On the 4th and 7th day after stimulation as well as before stimulation, the cells were analyzed for phenotypic and functional differentiation. Phenotypic analysis was performed by flow cytometry after staining the cells with PE-conjugated anti-human CD64(FcrRI), CD32(FcrRII), CD16(FcrRIII), CD11b, CD18. The measured fluorescent intensity was transformed into MESF. Phagocytic activity was measured by flow cytometry after incubation of the cells with fluorochrome-conjugated beads. Respiratory burst was measured by chemiluminescence assay. ADCC was measured by hemoglobin release assay. Opsonophagocytic activity was measured by fungicidal assay. Correlation between MESF of FcrR and Mac-1 and function of HL-60 was measured.
Results
: Percent positive cells and MESF of CD11b and FcrRI increased on the 4th day and decreased on the 7th day. Percent positive cells of CD18 was 99% regardless of differentiation. But MESF of CD18 was increased on the 4th day and decreased on the 7th day. Percent positive cells of FcrRII were above 90% regardless of differentiation. MESF of FcrRII showed no significant change. FcrRIII expression was not induced. Phagocytic activity of HL-60 cells was increased twofold. Chemiluminescence of HL-60 cells was increased up to 60-fold on the 7th day. ADCC of HL-60 cells was incerased up to 2.5-fold on the 7th day. Opsonophagocytic activity increased twice on the 4th day. ADCC and opsonophagocytic activity correlates with the expression of CD11b/CD18 and FcrRII.
Conclusion
: Differentiation of HL-60 cells with ATRA induces several functional maturations until 7 days with expression of FcrR and Mac-1.
Key Words: HL-60 cells, All-trans retinoic acid, FcγR, Mac-1, Respiratory burst ADCC, Opsonophagocytic activity


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