Warning: fopen(/home/virtual/pediatrics/journal/upload/ip_log/ip_log_2024-07.txt) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /home/virtual/pediatrics/journal/ip_info/view_data.php on line 82

Warning: fwrite(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /home/virtual/pediatrics/journal/ip_info/view_data.php on line 83
Iron Deficiency Anemia in Infants

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1995;38(9):1253-1261.
Published online September 15, 1995.
Iron Deficiency Anemia in Infants
Woon Ja Chung, Kue Sook Kim, Mi Kyung Kim, Shin Na Kim
Department of Pediatrics, Dongbu Municipal Hospital, Seoul, Korea
영유아의 철결핍성 빈혈에 대한 연구
정운자, 김귀숙, 김미경, 김신나
서울시립동부병원 소아과
Abstract
Purpose
: To study the incidence of iron deficiency anemia we conducted blood tests with questionnaire regrarding weaning status. We tried to figure out the relation between iron deficiency anemia and financial and educational levels of their parents. The purpose of this study is to emphasize the importance of screening for iron deficiency anemia at well baby clinic and educate mothers about proper weaning.
Methods
: At Dongbu Municipal Hospital and Dongdaemun-ku district health center, 315 babies, 7-24 months old were tested for Hgb, Hct, MCV, MCH, MCHC and RDW. Their mothers answered a questionnaire regarding their educational level, income and weaning status. Those babies with Hgb level less than 10g/dl were tested serum ferritin, serum iron, TIBC and transferrin saturation. The normal standard Hgb level is 10g/dl in Korea by Hong.
Results
: 1) Among 315 babies 19 babies (6.0%) had iron deficiency anemia. Incidence in male was much higher (9.5%) than female (2.5%). Incidence of iron deficiency anemia was highest in 21-22 months of age. 2) Incidence of iron deficiency anemia was higher in a group who had not started weaning at all. The later the weaning started, the higher the incidence of iron deficiency anemia. 3) Incidence of iron deficiency anemia was decreased with higher monthly income.
Conclusion
: The incidence of iron deficiency anemia was 6.0%, which was lower than previous report of 7.0% in 1993. In view of highest incidence of iron deficiency anemia in babies of 21-22 months of age, pediatricians should keep in mind of screening for iron deficiency anemia until babies reach around 2 years of age.
Key Words: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA), Screening, Weaning


METRICS Graph View
  • 2,801 View
  • 61 Download