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A Survey on the Present Status of Weaning

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1994;37(12):1643-1656.
Published online December 15, 1994.
A Survey on the Present Status of Weaning
Seung Joo Lee1, Jae Ok Park2, Chang Sung Sohn3, Hae Ran Lee4, Jae Hoon Shin5, Hae Il Chung6, Seung Il Kim7
1The Nutrition Committee of Korean Pediatric Society, Ewha Medical College
2The Nutrition Committee of Korean Pediatric Society, Soonchunhyang Medical College
3The Nutrition Committee of Korean Pediatric Society,Koryo Medical College
4The Nutrition Committee of Korean Pediatric Society, Hanlym Medical College
5The Nutrition Committee of Korean Pediatric Society, Hanyang Medical College
6The Nutrition Committee of Korean Pediatric Society, Seoul Medical College
7The Nutrition Committee of Korean Pediatric Society, Catholic Medical College
이유 실태 조사
이승주1, 박재옥2, 손창성3, 이혜란4, 신재훈5, 정해일6, 김승일7
1대한소아과학회 영양위원회, 이화의대
2대한소아과학회 영양위원회, 순천향의대
3대한소아과학회 영양위원회, 고려의대
4대한소아과학회 영양위원회, 한림의대
5대한소아과학회 영양위원회, 한양의대
6대한소아과학회 영양위원회, 서울의대
7대한소아과학회 영양위원회, 가톨릭의대
Abstract
Purpose
: To add proper solid food during the ideal weaning period is very important to supply adequate nutrition for the rapid growt and to achieve proper feeding habits in later infancy. We tried to survey the problems in weaning in Korea.
Methods
: The Present status of infant weaning was sutneyed 6 university hospital in Seoul and 4 rural goverment medical offices from October 1992 to September 1993.
Results
: 1) The mean age to introduce first solid food was 5.5¡¾2.53months. The mean age was significantly delayed in breast-fed infants compared th fomula-fed infants. Mothers of higher education and higher socioeconomic status. 2) About half mothers(56.1%) introduced first books, not from medical staff. 4) First solid food given was either commercial weaning food(38.8%), fruit(28.3%), cereal(18.8%) or egg(4.3%). 5) A spoon was used to introduce first solid food in only 57.0% of infants. 6) A good response rate to first solid food was 74.9%. Abnormal responses to first solid food were diarrhea(7.8%), vomitting(3.6%), constipation(3.0%) or rash(0.2%). General response to weaning food was good in 83.2% of infants. 7) Higher educated mothers used home-prepared weaning food more often than lower educated mothers. 8)The baby's favorite weaning food were cereal(54.2%), fruit(32.4%) or egg(17.4%) ets. The baby's least liked weaning foods were cereal(4.7%), egg(4.7) or vegetable(3.6%) etc. 9) Generally, the age that weaning was completed was more delayed than normal. 10) Knowledge about weaning was not adequate.
Conclusion
: Korean mothers recognized the significance of weaning but their knowledge was inadequate. The role of the pediatrician would be very important to educate parents about the ideal time and the method to proceed with weaning.
Key Words: Weanning, Solid food, Knowlege


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